City of Cape Town

Quick Fact

Estimated population of 3 740 026 – Census 2011

Quick Fact Image

The City of Cape Town as a municipal entity of today is just over ten years old. However, the Mother City has the oldest municipal structure in the country, going back to its first Council meeting held on 8 April 1652 – on a sailing ship anchored in Table Bay.

The Mother City is South Africa’s oldest city, with an area of 2 461 km2. It is the legislative capital of South Africa, the administrative and economic centre of the Western Cape Province.

Rank By:
2 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
City of Johannesburg , Gauteng 4,434,827 1
City of Cape Town , Western Cape 3,740,026 2
Ethekwini , KwaZulu-Natal 3,442,361 3
Ekurhuleni , Gauteng 3,178,470 4
City of Tshwane , Gauteng 2,921,488 5
Quick Fact

1,8% had no form of schooling.

Quick Fact Image

The City of Cape Town has a total population of 3 740 025 according to the statistics on the City, dated 2012. The population is made up of the following groups: Coloured 42,4%, black African 38,6%, white 15,7%, Indian / Asian 1,4% and other 1,9%.

The literacy levels of the residents of the City of Cape Town are as follows: The percentage of people aged 20 years and older with Grade 5 or less – 5,3%; highest level of education of people aged 20 years and older – Below Matric / Grade 12: 50,2%; Matric / Grade 12: 29,%; Post Matric / Grade 12 18,8%.

Group Percentage
Black African38,6%
Coloured42,4%
Indian/Asian1,4%
White15,7%
Other1,9%
Age Males Females
0-4 5,1% 4,8%
5-9 3,9% 3,8%
10-14 3,6% 3,5%
15-19 3,9% 4,1%
20-24 5,1% 5,2%
25-29 5,4% 5,3%
30-34 4,5% 4,3%
35-39 3,9% 3,8%
40-44 3,2% 3,4%
45-49 2,7% 2,7%
50-54 2,3% 2,6%
55-59 1,7% 2,1%
60-64 1,3% 1,6%
65-69 0,9% 1,1%
70-74 0,6% 0,9%
75-79 0,4% 0,6%
80-84 0,2% 0,4%
85+ 0,1% 0,3%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 34,9%
English 27,8%
IsiNdebele 0,3%
IsiXhosa 29,2%
IsiZulu 0,5%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 1%
Setswana 0,4%
Sign Language 0,4%
SiSwati 0,1%
Tshivenda 0,1%
Xitsonga 0,2%
Other 2.8%
Not Applicable 2,1%
Group Percentage
Married 30,8%
Living together like married partners 5,6%
Never married 57,1%
Widower/Widow 3,3%
Separated 0,7%
Divorced 2,6%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,3%
Some Primary 37%
Completed Primary 5,6%
Some Secondary 32,7%
Completed Secondary 15,6%
Higher Education 3,7%
Not Applicable 2,1%
Sex Percentage
Female 51,1%
Male 48,9%
Quick Fact

94% used electricity for lighting.

Quick Fact Image

The City consists of 1 068 572 households according to Census 2011.  There are 129 918 informal structures in informal settlements.  Nearly 36% (35,7%) of the households live below the poverty line of less than R 3 500;  3,7% of the households do not have access to electricity for lighting;  8,8% have no access to sanitation on site and there are 232 027 households registered as indigent (as defined by the City of Cape Town)

Area Percentage
Urban 99,6%
Tribal/Traditional 0%
Farm 0,4%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 91,3% 8,7%
Computer 37,9% 62,1%
Television 87,3% 12,7%
Satellite Television 30,9% 69,1%
Radio 70,1% 29,9%
Landline / Telephone 34% 66%
Motor Car 45,8% 54,2%
Refrigerator 82,1% 17,9%
Electric / Gas-Stove 91,2% 8,8%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 87,6% 63% 94%
Gas 7,5% 3,5% 0,3%
Paraffin 3,8% 14,9% 3,8%
Solar 0,1% 0,4% 0,2%
Candles 0% 0% 1,5%
Wood 0,3% 1,8% 0%
Coal 0% 0,2% 0%
Animal Dung 0% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,3% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 16,1% 0,2%
Access Percentage
From Home 18,5%
From Cellphone 16,4%
From Work 6,9%
From Elsewhere 7,4%
No Access 50,7%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 29,9%
Owned and fully paid off 33,2%
Owned but not yet paid off 20,9%
Occupied rent free 13%
Other 2,9%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 97,3%
Borehole 0,5%
Spring 0,1%
Rain water tank 0,1%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 0,1%
River/Stream 0,1%
Water vendor 0,3%
Water tanker 0,4%
Other 1,1%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 2,7%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 88,2%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 2%
Chemical toilet 1,2%
Pit toilet with ventilation 0,2%
Pit toilet without ventilation 0,2%
Bucket toilet 4,5%
Other 1%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 94,3%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,7%
Communal refuse dump 2,8%
Own refuse dump 1,4%
No rubbish disposal 0,7%
Other 0,2%
Quick Fact

23,9% Unemployment rate

Quick Fact Image

The GDP (at 2005 prices) of the City amounted to R203 581 million in 2011.  The city has a diversified economy, and the three biggest sectors are:

• Finance, insurance, property and business services;

• Manufacturing; and

• Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodation.

 

Employment Status Number
Employed 1294239
Unemployed 405989
Discouraged Work Seeker 81433
Not Economically Active 822549
Income Percentage
None income 13,7%
R1 - R4,800 2,7%
R4,801 - R9,600 4%
R9,601 - R19,600 10,6%
R19,601 - R38,200 16%
R38,201 - R76,4000 14,5%
R76,401 - R153,800 13%
R153,801 - R307,600 11,9%
R307,601 - R614,400 8,7%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 3,6%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,9%
R2,457,601+ 0,5%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 11,727
Poultry production 11,892
Vegetable production 17,136
Production of other crops 11,245
Other 27,254

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 10,195
Animals only 5,019
Mixed farming 9,850
Other 9,320

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 7,062
R1-R4 800 888
R4 801-R38 400 10,711
R38 401-R307 200 10,704
R307 201+ 3,530
Unspecified 1,487

Key Statistics 2011

Total population3,740,026
Young (0-14)24,8%
Working Age (15-64)69,6%
Elderly (65+)5,5%
Dependency ratio43,6
Sex ratio95,9
Growth rate2,57% (2001-2011)
Population density1530 persons/km2
Unemployment rate23,9%
Youth unemployment rate31,9%
No schooling aged 20+1,8%
Higher education aged 20+16,6%
Matric aged 20+29,8%
Number of households1,068,573
Number of Agricultural households34,383
Average household size3,3
Female headed households38,2%
Formal dwellings78,4%
Housing owned/paying off54,2%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage88,2%
Weekly refuse removal94,3%
Piped water inside dwelling75%
Electricity for lighting94%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population2,892,243
Young (0-14)26,6%
Working Age (15-64)69,6%
Elderly (65+)5%
Dependency ratio46,3%
Sex ratio92,4
Growth rate2,42% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate29,2%
Youth unemployment rate36,8%
No schooling aged 20+4,3%
Higher education aged 20+12,8%
Matric aged 20+25,9%
Number of households759,485
Average household size3,7
Female headed households35,7%
Formal dwellings78,9%
Housing owned/paying off60,7%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage85,4%
Weekly refuse removal94,3%
Piped water inside dwelling69,4%
Electricity for lighting88,8%