Ekurhuleni

Quick Fact

2,47% Growth rate.

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Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality occupies 1 975km2of the land area in the province of Gauteng (Wikipedia).  The name Ekurhuleni means ‘place of peace’ in Tsonga (Wikipedia), and the municipality is one of three metropolitan municipalities within Gauteng.  Ekurhuleni is also home to South Africa’s largest airport, OR Tambo International Airport, which is located in the Kempton Park area.

Ekurhuleni is highly urbanised, with 99,4% of the population living in urban settlements ranging from informal settlements to elite urban residential suburbs.  A number of large urbanised townships, such as Katlehong and Tokoza, also occupy the landscape.

Rank By:
4 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
City of Johannesburg , Gauteng 4,434,827 1
City of Cape Town , Western Cape 3,740,026 2
Ethekwini , KwaZulu-Natal 3,442,361 3
Ekurhuleni , Gauteng 3,178,470 4
City of Tshwane , Gauteng 2,921,488 5
Nelson Mandela Bay , Eastern Cape 1,152,115 6
Buffalo City , Eastern Cape 755,200 7
Quick Fact

3,6% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling.

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According to Census 2011, the municipality has a total population of just under 3,2 million individuals, 78,7% of whom are black African.  Whites make up 15,8%, and other race groups comprise the remaining 5,5%.

Of those aged 20 years and older, 3,3% have completed primary school, 35,3% have some secondary education, 35,5% have completed matric and 14,6% have some form of higher education.

Group Percentage
Black African78,7%
Coloured2,7%
Indian/Asian2,1%
White15,8%
Other0,6%
Age Males Females
0-4 5% 5%
5-9 3,8% 3,7%
10-14 3,5% 3,4%
15-19 3,7% 3,8%
20-24 5,6% 5,3%
25-29 6,5% 5,7%
30-34 5,6% 4,5%
35-39 4,5% 3,8%
40-44 3,5% 3,2%
45-49 2,8% 2,8%
50-54 2,2% 2,3%
55-59 1,7% 1,8%
60-64 1,2% 1,3%
65-69 0,7% 0,9%
70-74 0,5% 0,6%
75-79 0,2% 0,4%
80-84 0,1% 0,3%
85+ 0,1% 0,2%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 11,8%
English 11,9%
IsiNdebele 2,4%
IsiXhosa 8%
IsiZulu 28,6%
Sepedi 11,3%
Sesotho 9,9%
Setswana 2,8%
Sign Language 0,4%
SiSwati 1,4%
Tshivenda 1,5%
Xitsonga 6,6%
Other 2.6%
Not Applicable 0,9%
Group Percentage
Married 25,7%
Living together like married partners 10,9%
Never married 58,6%
Widower/Widow 2,7%
Separated 0,6%
Divorced 1,6%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3%
Some Primary 35,8%
Completed Primary 5,2%
Some Secondary 32,3%
Completed Secondary 19,4%
Higher Education 3,8%
Not Applicable 0,6%
Sex Percentage
Female 48,8%
Male 51,2%
Quick Fact

82,2% of households using electricity for lighting.

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There are just over 1 million households in Ekurhuleni with an average of 2,9 persons per household.  The percentage of residents residing in formal households is 77,4%.  In terms of services, 57,2% of households have access to water within the dwelling.  Most households have access to electricity, with 82,2% of households using electricity for lighting.

Area Percentage
Urban 99,4%
Tribal/Traditional 0%
Farm 0,6%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 93,3% 6,7%
Computer 25,8% 74,2%
Television 77,3% 22,7%
Satellite Television 29,3% 70,7%
Radio 67,1% 32,9%
Landline / Telephone 15,3% 84,7%
Motor Car 35,4% 64,6%
Refrigerator 68% 32%
Electric / Gas-Stove 78,5% 21,5%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 79,4% 65,6% 82,2%
Gas 2,6% 4,3% 0,3%
Paraffin 16,2% 9,4% 4,6%
Solar 0,2% 0,2% 0,2%
Candles 0% 0% 12,5%
Wood 0,4% 2,7% 0%
Coal 0,9% 6,6% 0%
Animal Dung 0% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,2% 0% 0%
None 0,1% 11,1% 0,2%
Access Percentage
From Home 9,7%
From Cellphone 17,2%
From Work 7%
From Elsewhere 8,6%
No Access 57,4%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 37,3%
Owned and fully paid off 27,3%
Owned but not yet paid off 16,7%
Occupied rent free 16,2%
Other 2,5%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 95,8%
Borehole 1,1%
Spring 0,1%
Rain water tank 0,1%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 0,1%
River/Stream 0%
Water vendor 0,4%
Water tanker 0,9%
Other 1,5%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 1,2%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 85%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 1,3%
Chemical toilet 1,4%
Pit toilet with ventilation 0,6%
Pit toilet without ventilation 7,3%
Bucket toilet 2,3%
Other 0,9%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 88,4%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1%
Communal refuse dump 1,8%
Own refuse dump 6%
No rubbish disposal 2,5%
Other 0,3%
Quick Fact

28,8% are unemployed.

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The municipality is an important manufacturing centre, often named “the workshop of the country” (Wikipedia). Due to the presence of OR Tambo International airport, a number of airline company headquarters are located within the municipality, such as South African Airways, Comair, Kulula.com, and 1Time, to name a few.

In terms of employment, there are about 1,6 million economically active individuals (i.e. those who are employed or unemployed but looking for work) residing within the municipality.  Of these, 28,8% are unemployed.  When the youth (15–34 years) are considered, there are about 840 000 economically active individuals, 36,9% of whom are unemployed.

 

Employment Status Number
Employed 1126844
Unemployed 455608
Discouraged Work Seeker 81959
Not Economically Active 615042
Income Percentage
None income 17,8%
R1 - R4,800 3,8%
R4,801 - R9,600 5,3%
R9,601 - R19,600 11,6%
R19,601 - R38,200 16,9%
R38,201 - R76,4000 15%
R76,401 - R153,800 10,8%
R153,801 - R307,600 8,7%
R307,601 - R614,400 6,3%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 2,7%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,7%
R2,457,601+ 0,4%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 14,675
Poultry production 19,572
Vegetable production 39,101
Production of other crops 20,294
Other 33,365

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 34,876
Animals only 10,122
Mixed farming 14,066
Other 9,950

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of heads of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 18,818
R1-R4 800 2,505
R4 801-R38 400 24,633
R38 401-R307 200 17,302
R307 201+ 3,449
Unspecified 2,306

Key Statistics 2011

Total population3,178,470
Young (0-14)24,3%
Working Age (15-64)71,7%
Elderly (65+)4%
Dependency ratio39,4%
Sex ratio105
Growth rate2,47% (2001-2011)
Population density1609 persons/km2
Unemployment rate28,8%
Youth unemployment rate36,9%
No schooling aged 20+3,6%
Higher education aged 20+14,6%
Matric aged 20+35,4%
Number of households1,015,465
Number of Agricultural households69,013
Average household size2,9
Female headed households31,3%
Formal dwellings77,4%
Housing owned/paying off44%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage85%
Weekly refuse removal88,4%
Piped water inside dwelling57,2%
Electricity for lighting82,2%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population2,481,762
Young (0-14)24,6%
Working Age (15-64)71,7%
Elderly (65+)3,5%
Dependency ratio39,1%
Sex ratio103
Growth rate4,05% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate40,4%
Youth unemployment rate49,4%
No schooling aged 20+9,3%
Higher education aged 20+10,1%
Matric aged 20+27,8%
Number of households745,576
Average household size3,2
Female headed households32,8%
Formal dwellings70%
Housing owned/paying off52,3%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage81,5%
Weekly refuse removal87,9%
Piped water inside dwelling43,1%
Electricity for lighting75,2%