Ulundi

Quick Fact

-0,01% Population growth rate.

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The Ulundi Local Municipality is located in north-eastern KwaZulu-Natal. It covers anarea ofapproximately 3 250 km².It includes the traditional authorities of Buthelezi, Hlatswayo, Jama, LukwaziNtuli, Mbatha, Mpungose, Ndebele, Ntombele, Usustu, Ximba, and Zondo. Approximately half of the municipal area consists of commercial farms and the area supports a substantial agricultural community.

Ulundi town represents the only urban area in the municipal area, and therefore plays an important role in the provision of social and economic facilities to the total population of Ulundi. This places enormous pressure on the urban area for the delivery of services. A significant number of households in the rural area are headed by females, who are usually more disadvantaged in terms of resources and education.

Rank By:
51 ranking by population size
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George , Western Cape 193,672 48
Umzimvubu , Eastern Cape 191,620 49
Lukhanji , Eastern Cape 190,723 50
Ulundi , KwaZulu-Natal 188,317 51
Mhlontlo , Eastern Cape 188,226 52
Moretele , North West 186,947 53
Jozini , KwaZulu-Natal 186,502 54
Quick Fact

20,6% of those aged 20+ had no form of schooling.

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The total population of the Ulundi Local Municipality is 188 317 and a proportion of 14% are children between the ages of 0–4. About 55% of the population falls within the working age group of 15–64.

The population group of the municipality is predominantly black African, with almost 100% of the population recorded as such. About 55% of the population is female, with a sex ratio of 82.4.

There are 195 schools within the Ulundi municipal area. Many of these schools do not have access to clean drinking water or an acceptable level of sanitation.

Less than 30% of the population reported achieving a matric qualification, which is symptomatic of a primarily rural area and provides a serious challenge when it comes to securing employment opportunities. The primary enrolment rate was recorded to be 92,6%.

Group Percentage
Black African99,5%
Coloured0,1%
Indian/Asian0,1%
White0,2%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 6,9% 7,2%
5-9 6,5% 6,5%
10-14 6,6% 6,4%
15-19 6,4% 6,5%
20-24 4,4% 5,4%
25-29 3,2% 4,5%
30-34 2,1% 3,1%
35-39 1,8% 2,5%
40-44 1,4% 2,2%
45-49 1,4% 1,4%
50-54 1,3% 2%
55-59 1,1% 1,7%
60-64 0,8% 1,3%
65-69 0,5% 0,8%
70-74 0,4% 0,8%
75-79 0,2% 0,6%
80-84 0,1% 0,5%
85+ 0,2% 0,5%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,3%
English 1,3%
IsiNdebele 1,1%
IsiXhosa 0,1%
IsiZulu 94,8%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,1%
Setswana 0,5%
Sign Language 0,3%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.2%
Not Applicable 1,1%
Group Percentage
Married 15,2%
Living together like married partners 3%
Never married 78,8%
Widower/Widow 2,7%
Separated 0,3%
Divorced 0,1%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,4%
Some Primary 45,1%
Completed Primary 6,3%
Some Secondary 29,3%
Completed Secondary 13,5%
Higher Education 0,8%
Not Applicable 1,5%
Sex Percentage
Female 54,8%
Male 45,2%
Quick Fact

73,4% has household of electricity lightning.

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Refuse removal is currently limited to the urban areas of the municipality; this service is not available to the existing informal settlements and rural areas.

As a result, the majority of the population disposes of their own refuse in informal dump sites, probably by burning it which impacts negatively on the sustainability of the environment.

Area Percentage
Urban 13,3%
Tribal/Traditional 80,4%
Farm 6,3%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 89,1% 10,9%
Computer 6,7% 93,3%
Television 60,1% 39,9%
Satellite Television 15,4% 84,6%
Radio 67,6% 32,4%
Landline / Telephone 4,3% 95,7%
Motor Car 16,9% 83,1%
Refrigerator 63,8% 36,2%
Electric / Gas-Stove 64% 36%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 60,3% 49,7% 73,4%
Gas 2,8% 1,7% 0,5%
Paraffin 2,8% 1,3% 0,6%
Solar 0,3% 0,3% 0,5%
Candles 0% 0% 24,3%
Wood 32,3% 38,9% 0%
Coal 0,8% 0,9% 0%
Animal Dung 0,2% 0,2% 0%
Other 0,2% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 7,2% 0,6%
Access Percentage
From Home 2,8%
From Cellphone 22,2%
From Work 2,4%
From Elsewhere 3,5%
No Access 69,2%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 11,9%
Owned and fully paid off 45,1%
Owned but not yet paid off 8,5%
Occupied rent free 31,2%
Other 3,4%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 49,1%
Borehole 8,2%
Spring 2,4%
Rain water tank 1,3%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 4%
River/Stream 26,1%
Water vendor 1,8%
Water tanker 4,2%
Other 3%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 17,9%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 19,1%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 1,3%
Chemical toilet 18,1%
Pit toilet with ventilation 21,1%
Pit toilet without ventilation 16,7%
Bucket toilet 1,2%
Other 4,5%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 19,7%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,9%
Communal refuse dump 1,9%
Own refuse dump 65,7%
No rubbish disposal 10,7%
Other 1,2%
Quick Fact

The unemployment rate for the Ulundi Local Municipality is 49,4%.

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The relocation of a number of government departments to Pietermaritzburg has resulted in a move of employees out of Ulundi. This move has been detrimental to Ulundi’s economy and efforts should be made to diversify Ulundi’s economic base.

Large wholesale stores dominate the commercial and retail sector, which distribute goods to villages in the hinterland through the “bakkie” market. The trade sector has potential for further growth but this will depend upon greater levels of diversification.

Employment Status Number
Employed 15136
Unemployed 14805
Discouraged Work Seeker 13259
Not Economically Active 60779
Income Percentage
None income 12,8%
R1 - R4,800 4,9%
R4,801 - R9,600 9,2%
R9,601 - R19,600 22,3%
R19,601 - R38,200 24,8%
R38,201 - R76,4000 11,9%
R76,401 - R153,800 6,9%
R153,801 - R307,600 4,5%
R307,601 - R614,400 2%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,3%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 10,375
Poultry production 10,301
Vegetable production 6,520
Production of other crops 2,076
Other 497

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 2,717
Animals only 10,415
Mixed farming 4,662
Other 141

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 4,569
R1-R4 800 782
R4 801-R38 400 10,618
R38 401-R307 200 1,322
R307 201+ 165
Unspecified 480

Key Statistics 2011

Total population188,317
Young (0-14)40,2%
Working Age (15-64)55,2%
Elderly (65+)4,6%
Dependency ratio81,1
Sex ratio82,4
Growth rate-0,01% (2001-2011)
Population density58 persons/km2
Unemployment rate49,4%
Youth unemployment rate61,8%
No schooling aged 20+20,6%
Higher education aged 20+5,9%
Matric aged 20+29,9%
Number of households35,198
Number of Agricultural households17,936
Average household size5,1
Female headed households58,8%
Formal dwellings65,2%
Housing owned/paying off53,6%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage19,1%
Weekly refuse removal19,7%
Piped water inside dwelling22,2%
Electricity for lighting73,4%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population188,585
Young (0-14)42,9%
Working Age (15-64)55,2%
Elderly (65+)5%
Dependency ratio91,9%
Sex ratio81,4
Growth rate2,01% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate66,7%
Youth unemployment rate75,6%
No schooling aged 20+45%
Higher education aged 20+4,7%
Matric aged 20+14,7%
Number of households33,776
Average household size5,4
Female headed households57,3%
Formal dwellings45,6%
Housing owned/paying off52,5%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage20,2%
Weekly refuse removal19%
Piped water inside dwelling12,3%
Electricity for lighting41,1%