Inkwanca

Quick Fact

According to Census 2011 Inkwanca Local Municipality has a total population estimated at 21 971.

Quick Fact Image 0,82% Growth Rate

Inkwanca Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Chris Hani District of the Eastern Cape in South Africa. Inkwanca is an isiXhosa name meaning cold. The municipal area is the coldest area in the country and the lowest temperatures are recorded in the area every year. (http:// en wikipedia.org)

Rank By:
208 ranking by population size
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Naledi , Free State 24,314 205
Nxuba , Eastern Cape 24,264 206
Magareng , Northern Cape 24,204 207
Inkwanca , Eastern Cape 21,971 208
Siyathemba , Northern Cape 21,591 209
Hantam , Northern Cape 21,578 210
Kgatelopele , Northern Cape 18,687 211
Quick Fact

13,4% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling

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According to Census 2011 Inkwanca Local Municipality has a total population estimated at 21,971, of which 89,1% are black African, 6,2% are white, 4,1% are coloured, with other population groups making up the remaining 0,6%.

Of those aged 20 years and older, 7,6% have completed primary school, 31,5% have some secondary education, 15,2% have completed matric, and 7,2% have some form of higher education.

Group Percentage
Black African89,1%
Coloured4,1%
Indian/Asian0,2%
White6,2%
Other0,5%
Age Males Females
0-4 5,9% 5,9%
5-9 5,3% 4,7%
10-14 4,7% 4,4%
15-19 4,8% 4,7%
20-24 4,9% 4,8%
25-29 4% 4,1%
30-34 3,4% 3,1%
35-39 2,8% 3,1%
40-44 2,4% 2,8%
45-49 2,2% 2,2%
50-54 2% 2,7%
55-59 1,9% 2,4%
60-64 1,6% 1,8%
65-69 0,9% 1%
70-74 0,7% 1,4%
75-79 0,4% 0,6%
80-84 0,2% 0,5%
85+ 0,2% 0,5%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 8,2%
English 3,4%
IsiNdebele 0,3%
IsiXhosa 84,2%
IsiZulu 0,2%
Sepedi 0,1%
Sesotho 0,2%
Setswana 0,2%
Sign Language 0,4%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0,1%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.8%
Not Applicable 1,8%
Group Percentage
Married 20,8%
Living together like married partners 5,5%
Never married 68,1%
Widower/Widow 3,9%
Separated 1%
Divorced 0,7%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,2%
Some Primary 48,1%
Completed Primary 7,3%
Some Secondary 31,5%
Completed Secondary 7,1%
Higher Education 1,1%
Not Applicable 1,7%
Sex Percentage
Female 51,4%
Male 48,6%
Quick Fact

91,7% of households have access to electricity for lighting.

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There are 6,228 households in the municipality with average household size of 3,4 persons per household. 29,7% of households have access to piped water inside dwelling/institution and 66,5% have water in their yard. Only 1.8% of households do not have access piped water.

Area Percentage
Urban 85,2%
Tribal/Traditional 0%
Farm 14,8%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 77,2% 22,8%
Computer 9,3% 90,7%
Television 72,3% 27,7%
Satellite Television 16,2% 83,8%
Radio 67,8% 32,2%
Landline / Telephone 9,6% 90,4%
Motor Car 16,4% 83,6%
Refrigerator 62,5% 37,5%
Electric / Gas-Stove 80% 20%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 79,8% 25,9% 91,7%
Gas 3% 2,2% 0,2%
Paraffin 11% 51,1% 1,1%
Solar 0,2% 0,1% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 6,6%
Wood 5,3% 15,5% 0%
Coal 0,2% 0,8% 0%
Animal Dung 0,4% 0,4% 0%
Other 0% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 4% 0,2%
Access Percentage
From Home 3,7%
From Cellphone 15,2%
From Work 2,2%
From Elsewhere 2,1%
No Access 76,7%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 12,3%
Owned and fully paid off 33,2%
Owned but not yet paid off 12,6%
Occupied rent free 37,1%
Other 4,7%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 81,5%
Borehole 11,1%
Spring 0,8%
Rain water tank 1%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 2,2%
River/Stream 0,7%
Water vendor 0,3%
Water tanker 1,6%
Other 0,9%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 6,3%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 86,1%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 2,5%
Chemical toilet 0,8%
Pit toilet with ventilation 0,8%
Pit toilet without ventilation 0,9%
Bucket toilet 0,3%
Other 2,3%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 83,2%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,1%
Communal refuse dump 0,4%
Own refuse dump 12,7%
No rubbish disposal 1,8%
Other 0,8%
Quick Fact

39,3% Youth unemployed rate

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39,3% of the 6 712 economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work) population is unemployed.

Of the 3 444 economically active youth (15 – 34 years) in the area, 47,6% are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 4073
Unemployed 2639
Discouraged Work Seeker 1154
Not Economically Active 5877
Income Percentage
None income 12%
R1 - R4,800 4,4%
R4,801 - R9,600 7,7%
R9,601 - R19,600 30%
R19,601 - R38,200 24,3%
R38,201 - R76,4000 10,3%
R76,401 - R153,800 5,6%
R153,801 - R307,600 3,1%
R307,601 - R614,400 1,8%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,4%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,3%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 577
Poultry production 376
Vegetable production 1,043
Production of other crops 260
Other 109

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 1,035
Animals only 664
Mixed farming 188
Other 12

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 366
R1-R4 800 34
R4 801-R38 400 1,171
R38 401-R307 200 239
R307 201+ 41
Unspecified 48

Key Statistics 2011

Total population21,971
Young (0-14)31%
Working Age (15-64)62,6%
Elderly (65+)6,5%
Dependency ratio59,9
Sex ratio94,5
Growth rate0,82% (2001-2011)
Population density6 persons/km2
Unemployment rate39,3%
Youth unemployment rate47,6%
No schooling aged 20+13,4%
Higher education aged 20+7,2%
Matric aged 20+15,2%
Number of households6,228
Number of Agricultural households1,899
Average household size3,4
Female headed households44,6%
Formal dwellings97,3%
Housing owned/paying off45,8%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage86,1%
Weekly refuse removal83,2%
Piped water inside dwelling29,7%
Electricity for lighting91,7%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population20,244
Young (0-14)33,8%
Working Age (15-64)62,6%
Elderly (65+)6,9%
Dependency ratio68,6%
Sex ratio88
Growth rate0,82% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate52,7%
Youth unemployment rate63,3%
No schooling aged 20+24,2%
Higher education aged 20+5,4%
Matric aged 20+9,5%
Number of households5,385
Average household size3,7
Female headed households45%
Formal dwellings89,4%
Housing owned/paying off66%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage42,5%
Weekly refuse removal68,9%
Piped water inside dwelling19,1%
Electricity for lighting73,1%