Abaqulusi

Quick Fact

About 30 percent of the area is tribal or traditional.

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AbaQulusi Municipality is located in the northern part of KwaZulu-Natal and is approximately 1943 km2 in extent and has a population of about 211 060 people. It constitutes about 13.13% of the Zululand District Municipality, and is one of the five local municipalities that make up the district.

Rank By:
44 ranking by population size
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Steve Tshwete , Mpumalanga 229,831 41
uMlalazi , KwaZulu-Natal 213,601 42
Greater Letaba , Limpopo 212,701 43
Abaqulusi , KwaZulu-Natal 211,060 44
Matatiele , Eastern Cape 203,843 45
Merafong City , Gauteng 197,520 46
Nongoma , KwaZulu-Natal 194,908 47
Quick Fact

AbaQulusi dependency ratio was 70,5%  - Census 2011.

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AbaQulusi serves a largely rural community with low income levels that are more severely affected by conditions of poverty than urban communities are. The families have mostly women as interim heads of household and very high dependency levels marginalise these families even more. The challenge lies in implementing appropriate community upliftment and empowerment programmes to create an environment where people can meet there basic needs and improve their quality of life.

Group Percentage
Black African95,4%
Coloured0,5%
Indian/Asian0,4%
White3,5%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 6,4% 6,4%
5-9 6,1% 5,9%
10-14 6,1% 5,8%
15-19 6,1% 5,9%
20-24 4,8% 5%
25-29 4% 4,4%
30-34 2,9% 3,2%
35-39 2,4% 2,7%
40-44 1,8% 2,4%
45-49 1,6% 1,6%
50-54 1,4% 2,1%
55-59 1,3% 1,8%
60-64 1% 1,4%
65-69 0,6% 0,9%
70-74 0,5% 0,8%
75-79 0,3% 0,6%
80-84 0,2% 0,4%
85+ 0,2% 0,3%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 2,9%
English 2,4%
IsiNdebele 1%
IsiXhosa 0,1%
IsiZulu 89,2%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,7%
Setswana 0,5%
Sign Language 0,2%
SiSwati 0,1%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.4%
Not Applicable 2,2%
Group Percentage
Married 14,8%
Living together like married partners 3,8%
Never married 78,5%
Widower/Widow 2,2%
Separated 0,4%
Divorced 0,3%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,3%
Some Primary 46%
Completed Primary 6,1%
Some Secondary 30,5%
Completed Secondary 11,4%
Higher Education 0,7%
Not Applicable 2%
Sex Percentage
Female 52,4%
Male 47,6%
Quick Fact

72,1% Use electricity for lighting.

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Access to piped water and electricity has increased over the past years. Less than half of the total households had access to flush toilet in 2011.

Area Percentage
Urban 39,1%
Tribal/Traditional 32,7%
Farm 28,2%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 89,4% 10,6%
Computer 11,3% 88,7%
Television 63,8% 36,2%
Satellite Television 17,4% 82,6%
Radio 74,9% 25,1%
Landline / Telephone 7,5% 92,5%
Motor Car 21,4% 78,6%
Refrigerator 56,7% 43,3%
Electric / Gas-Stove 63,2% 36,8%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 62% 45,7% 72,1%
Gas 3,3% 1,7% 0,2%
Paraffin 6,6% 3,6% 0,6%
Solar 0,2% 0,2% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 26,4%
Wood 23,8% 31,8% 0%
Coal 2,6% 3,5% 0%
Animal Dung 1,1% 2% 0%
Other 0,2% 0,2% 0%
None 0,3% 11,2% 0,4%
Access Percentage
From Home 4,5%
From Cellphone 19,3%
From Work 2,2%
From Elsewhere 3,9%
No Access 70%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 16,6%
Owned and fully paid off 56,4%
Owned but not yet paid off 10,1%
Occupied rent free 12,8%
Other 4%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 64,5%
Borehole 11,7%
Spring 2,7%
Rain water tank 0,7%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 3,8%
River/Stream 8,2%
Water vendor 1,2%
Water tanker 4,1%
Other 3,2%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 12,7%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 40,9%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 2,8%
Chemical toilet 5,2%
Pit toilet with ventilation 10,2%
Pit toilet without ventilation 23,6%
Bucket toilet 0,5%
Other 4,1%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 41,5%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1%
Communal refuse dump 1,2%
Own refuse dump 48%
No rubbish disposal 6,3%
Other 2%
Quick Fact

45,1% Youth unemployment rate.

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Economically the AbaQulusi area is endowed with various resources, which to date, have not yet been fully developed. To facilitate future development and growth it is essential to draw on these resources and through creative and visionary means implement measures that will result in the economic regeneration and upliftment of the population. Agriculture provides the economic base and the products produced are timber, field crops and livestock

Employment Status Number
Employed 27582
Unemployed 15117
Discouraged Work Seeker 10719
Not Economically Active 70356
Income Percentage
None income 14,7%
R1 - R4,800 5,1%
R4,801 - R9,600 9,7%
R9,601 - R19,600 22,9%
R19,601 - R38,200 20,9%
R38,201 - R76,4000 10,9%
R76,401 - R153,800 7,2%
R153,801 - R307,600 5%
R307,601 - R614,400 2,6%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,6%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,2%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 6,285
Poultry production 8,239
Vegetable production 7,800
Production of other crops 2,239
Other 1,121

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 5,030
Animals only 7,568
Mixed farming 3,870
Other 369

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 5,212
R1-R4 800 933
R4 801-R38 400 8,857
R38 401-R307 200 1,288
R307 201+ 170
Unspecified 378

Key Statistics 2011

Total population211,060
Young (0-14)36,7%
Working Age (15-64)58,6%
Elderly (65+)4,7%
Dependency ratio70,5
Sex ratio90,9
Growth rate1% (2001-2011)
Population density50 persons/km2
Unemployment rate35,4%
Youth unemployment rate45,1%
No schooling aged 20+16,9%
Higher education aged 20+6,6%
Matric aged 20+28,1%
Number of households43,299
Number of Agricultural households16,838
Average household size4,6
Female headed households50%
Formal dwellings78,8%
Housing owned/paying off66,6%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage40,9%
Weekly refuse removal41,5%
Piped water inside dwelling38,8%
Electricity for lighting72,1%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population191,019
Young (0-14)38%
Working Age (15-64)58,6%
Elderly (65+)4,6%
Dependency ratio73,9%
Sex ratio91,4
Growth rate2,58% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate59,4%
Youth unemployment rate69,2%
No schooling aged 20+30,2%
Higher education aged 20+6,2%
Matric aged 20+16,1%
Number of households35,914
Average household size5,1
Female headed households49,5%
Formal dwellings59,3%
Housing owned/paying off52,8%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage36,4%
Weekly refuse removal35,8%
Piped water inside dwelling19,3%
Electricity for lighting43,7%