Blue Crane Route

Quick Fact

According to 2011 census results Blue Crane Route Local Municipality has a total population estimated at 36 002 persons.

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Blue Crane Route Local Municipal area has a number of strategic environment advantages. It contains 97% of natural land covers, is centrally located between three national parks, contains biodiversity of regional and national significance, can boast incredible scenic beauty, and local conditions present a number of opportunities for renewable energy generation on a large scale. However the area faces a number of issues such as higher densities of population primarily concentrated in the three urban centres.

The low agricultural productivity and carrying capacity of much of the land in the municipality, combined with limited access to water for irrigation, has restricted development of the agricultural economy. The remoteness of the urban centres limits growth of business, services and sectors.

Rank By:
191 ranking by population size
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Letsemeng , Free State 38,628 188
Mpofana , KwaZulu-Natal 38,103 189
Siyancuma , Northern Cape 37,076 190
Blue Crane Route , Eastern Cape 36,002 191
Swellendam , Western Cape 35,916 192
Mookgopong , Limpopo 35,640 193
The Big 5 False Bay , KwaZulu-Natal 35,258 194
Quick Fact

10,5 aged 20+ had no formal schooling.

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According to 2011 census results Blue Crane Route Local Municipality has a total population estimated at 36 002 persons, of which 59,0 % are black African,33,0% are coloured people and the res t are white people, and Indian/Asian. Of those aged 20 years and older 7,6%have completed primary school, 38,1% have some secondary education, 18,9% have completed matric, and 6,8% have some form of higher education. 10,5% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling. Xhosa is the most widely used language in the region at 50,1%, with Afrikaans not far behind at 42,1%.  Only 3,3% of the residents have English as their first language.

Group Percentage
Black African59%
Coloured33%
Indian/Asian0,3%
White6,8%
Other0,8%
Age Males Females
0-4 6% 5%
5-9 4,8% 4,8%
10-14 4,6% 4,1%
15-19 4,3% 4,5%
20-24 4% 4%
25-29 3,9% 3,8%
30-34 3,2% 3,2%
35-39 3,3% 3,5%
40-44 2,9% 3,3%
45-49 2,8% 2,8%
50-54 2,7% 2,9%
55-59 2,1% 2,5%
60-64 1,6% 2%
65-69 1,1% 1,4%
70-74 0,9% 1,3%
75-79 0,4% 0,7%
80-84 0,2% 0,4%
85+ 0,2% 0,3%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 42,2%
English 3,3%
IsiNdebele 0,1%
IsiXhosa 50,1%
IsiZulu 0,2%
Sepedi 0,1%
Sesotho 0,2%
Setswana 0,3%
Sign Language 0,3%
SiSwati 0,1%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.7%
Not Applicable 2,3%
Group Percentage
Married 22,7%
Living together like married partners 9,3%
Never married 62,7%
Widower/Widow 4,1%
Separated 0,5%
Divorced 0,8%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,7%
Some Primary 48,4%
Completed Primary 8%
Some Secondary 29,3%
Completed Secondary 8,9%
Higher Education 1,2%
Not Applicable 1,5%
Sex Percentage
Female 50,9%
Male 49,1%
Quick Fact

86,9% had access to electricity

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There are 9 761 households in the municipality with an average household size of 3,5 persons per household. There are 51,5%of households that have access to piped water inside dwelling/institution;40,0% have water in their yard and 3,5% of households do not have access piped water. Households that have access to electricity make up 86,9%.

Area Percentage
Urban 80,7%
Tribal/Traditional 0%
Farm 19,3%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 69,6% 30,4%
Computer 12,9% 87,1%
Television 75,1% 24,9%
Satellite Television 19,2% 80,8%
Radio 66,7% 33,3%
Landline / Telephone 14,2% 85,8%
Motor Car 20,6% 79,4%
Refrigerator 67,3% 32,7%
Electric / Gas-Stove 80,3% 19,7%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 82,2% 59,2% 86,9%
Gas 2,4% 1,3% 0,2%
Paraffin 6,9% 9,1% 3,1%
Solar 0,2% 0,2% 0,4%
Candles 0% 0% 9%
Wood 7,6% 19,7% 0%
Coal 0,3% 0,8% 0%
Animal Dung 0% 0% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 9,6% 0,4%
Access Percentage
From Home 5,9%
From Cellphone 13,9%
From Work 2,4%
From Elsewhere 3,9%
No Access 73,9%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 26,1%
Owned and fully paid off 46%
Owned but not yet paid off 6,3%
Occupied rent free 18%
Other 3,6%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 80,2%
Borehole 9,8%
Spring 0,3%
Rain water tank 2,8%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 3,2%
River/Stream 0,5%
Water vendor 0,3%
Water tanker 1,4%
Other 1,4%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 6,3%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 80,5%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 4%
Chemical toilet 0,3%
Pit toilet with ventilation 0,9%
Pit toilet without ventilation 3,4%
Bucket toilet 2,8%
Other 1,8%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 80,3%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,5%
Communal refuse dump 0,8%
Own refuse dump 14,8%
No rubbish disposal 2%
Other 1,5%
Quick Fact

30,7% are unemployed

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There is 10 734 people who are economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work); of these 30,7 % are unemployed. Of the 4 884 economically active youth (15–35 years) in the area, 40,0 % are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 7434
Unemployed 3300
Discouraged Work Seeker 1294
Not Economically Active 10935
Income Percentage
None income 12,2%
R1 - R4,800 4,6%
R4,801 - R9,600 7,1%
R9,601 - R19,600 24,8%
R19,601 - R38,200 24%
R38,201 - R76,4000 12,2%
R76,401 - R153,800 7,1%
R153,801 - R307,600 4,9%
R307,601 - R614,400 2,2%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,5%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,2%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 665
Poultry production 686
Vegetable production 570
Production of other crops 347
Other 347

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 531
Animals only 873
Mixed farming 274
Other 55

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 326
R1-R4 800 43
R4 801-R38 400 980
R38 401-R307 200 280
R307 201+ 50
Unspecified 70

Key Statistics 2011

Total population36,002
Young (0-14)29,2%
Working Age (15-64)63,8%
Elderly (65+)7%
Dependency ratio56,8
Sex ratio96,5
Growth rate0,17% (2001-2011)
Population density3 persons/km2
Unemployment rate30,7%
Youth unemployment rate40%
No schooling aged 20+10,5%
Higher education aged 20+6,3%
Matric aged 20+18,9%
Number of households9,761
Number of Agricultural households1,733
Average household size3,5
Female headed households39,3%
Formal dwellings95,9%
Housing owned/paying off52,2%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage80,5%
Weekly refuse removal80,3%
Piped water inside dwelling51,4%
Electricity for lighting86,9%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population35,407
Young (0-14)29,4%
Working Age (15-64)63,8%
Elderly (65+)6,3%
Dependency ratio55,7%
Sex ratio92,7
Growth rate0,47% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate40%
Youth unemployment rate49,7%
No schooling aged 20+19,8%
Higher education aged 20+5,3%
Matric aged 20+11,7%
Number of households9,595
Average household size3,6
Female headed households32,4%
Formal dwellings90%
Housing owned/paying off36%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage46,3%
Weekly refuse removal65,9%
Piped water inside dwelling24,7%
Electricity for lighting65,1%