Mthonjaneni

Quick Fact

This is the smallest municipality in the district with only 47 818 community members distributed in six wards.The dominant race group is black African,constituting 47 089, followed by 320 whites, 214 coloureds, 114 Indians or Asians, and others. 94% of the total population are Zulu speaking.

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In 1887, when the British government annexed Zululand, they established several magisterial districts. One district was Mthonjaneni, and the centre of the district was what is known today as Melmoth, named after Sir Melmoth Osborn, the first British Chief Native Commissioner for Zululand. Melmoth was essentially a ‘gold rush town’.

At the turn of the century, gold was mined at the Melmoth Gold Fields, five kilometers out of town, but this was a short-term venture. Deserted diggings can still be found in some areas.

(Source: www.melmoth.co.za).

Rank By:
176 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Beaufort West , Western Cape 49,586 173
Kopanong , Free State 49,171 174
Bitou , Western Cape 49,162 175
Mthonjaneni , KwaZulu-Natal 47,818 176
Phumelela , Free State 47,772 177
Tswelopele , Free State 47,625 178
Emakhazeni , Mpumalanga 47,216 179
Quick Fact

23,3% of those aged 20+ had no form of schooling.

Quick Fact Image

This is the smallest municipality in the district with only 47 818 community members distributed in six wards.The dominant race group is black African,constituting 47 089, followed by 320 whites, 214 coloureds, 114 Indians or Asians, and others. 94% of the total population are Zulu speaking.

According to Census 2011 results, the primary education enrollment for the population aged 6–13 was sitting at 88,9%. This is an indication that not all children of school going age are attending school. 23,2% of the municipality’s population aged 20 and above have no formal education. 220 people have matric, 199 have a bachelor’s degree, 52 have an honours degree, and 41 have a masters/Phd.

Group Percentage
Black African98,5%
Coloured0,4%
Indian/Asian0,2%
White0,7%
Other0,2%
Age Males Females
0-4 7% 7%
5-9 6,2% 6%
10-14 6,3% 6%
15-19 5,8% 5,8%
20-24 4,6% 5,3%
25-29 3,6% 4,6%
30-34 2,6% 3,3%
35-39 2% 2,7%
40-44 1,7% 2,4%
45-49 1,6% 1,6%
50-54 1,4% 2%
55-59 1,1% 1,6%
60-64 0,9% 1,3%
65-69 0,5% 0,8%
70-74 0,4% 0,9%
75-79 0,2% 0,6%
80-84 0,2% 0,5%
85+ 0,2% 0,4%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,7%
English 1,7%
IsiNdebele 1,5%
IsiXhosa 0,1%
IsiZulu 93,8%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,1%
Setswana 0,7%
Sign Language 0,5%
SiSwati 0,1%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.3%
Not Applicable 0%
Group Percentage
Married 14,2%
Living together like married partners 3,5%
Never married 79,4%
Widower/Widow 2,4%
Separated 0,3%
Divorced 0,1%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 4,4%
Some Primary 48,5%
Completed Primary 6,7%
Some Secondary 29,5%
Completed Secondary 10,3%
Higher Education 0,6%
Not Applicable 0%
Sex Percentage
Female 53,8%
Male 46,2%
Quick Fact

68,9% household access to electricity for lighting.

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There are 10 433 households in the municipality, and the average household size is 4,6. Of these households, 37,1% own their houses. A total of 54% community members live in formal dwellings, 42% in traditional dwellings, and 3% in informal dwellings.

68,9% of the community uses electricity for lighting, while 45,2% use pit toilets, and 24,45% have water inside their dwellings.

Area Percentage
Urban 16,3%
Tribal/Traditional 73,2%
Farm 10,4%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 78,5% 21,5%
Computer 4,7% 95,3%
Television 46,5% 53,5%
Satellite Television 8% 92%
Radio 58,4% 41,6%
Landline / Telephone 3,9% 96,1%
Motor Car 11,6% 88,4%
Refrigerator 42,6% 57,4%
Electric / Gas-Stove 52,6% 47,4%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 48,4% 26,5% 68,9%
Gas 4,7% 1,9% 0,3%
Paraffin 7% 1,1% 0,8%
Solar 0,2% 0,1% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 28,8%
Wood 38,9% 45,7% 0%
Coal 0,2% 0,6% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,4% 23,9% 0,9%
Access Percentage
From Home 1,8%
From Cellphone 15,9%
From Work 2,4%
From Elsewhere 1,9%
No Access 78%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 20,2%
Owned and fully paid off 28,4%
Owned but not yet paid off 8,7%
Occupied rent free 40,1%
Other 2,6%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 52,1%
Borehole 11%
Spring 2,1%
Rain water tank 0,6%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 2,6%
River/Stream 26,3%
Water vendor 0,4%
Water tanker 3,8%
Other 1,1%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 10,7%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 25,2%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 4,2%
Chemical toilet 9,9%
Pit toilet with ventilation 11,7%
Pit toilet without ventilation 30,1%
Bucket toilet 0,5%
Other 7,7%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 25,4%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 4,2%
Communal refuse dump 1,6%
Own refuse dump 57,5%
No rubbish disposal 7,2%
Other 4,2%
Quick Fact

28,5% Unemployment rate.

Quick Fact Image

According to the Mthonjaneni Local Municipality website, the area produces about 300 000 tons of sugar cane and 470 000 tons of timber per year, as well as delicate cut flowers for export.

The municipality incorporates large tracts of commercial farming land with most communities practicing small-scale farming for domestic purposes.

Employment Status Number
Employed 7569
Unemployed 3020
Discouraged Work Seeker 2309
Not Economically Active 14330
Income Percentage
None income 12,3%
R1 - R4,800 4,1%
R4,801 - R9,600 10%
R9,601 - R19,600 28,2%
R19,601 - R38,200 23,7%
R38,201 - R76,4000 10,4%
R76,401 - R153,800 5,3%
R153,801 - R307,600 3,5%
R307,601 - R614,400 1,9%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,4%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 1,977
Poultry production 2,070
Vegetable production 1,288
Production of other crops 537
Other 270

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 743
Animals only 2,199
Mixed farming 894
Other 57

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 1,266
R1-R4 800 120
R4 801-R38 400 2,100
R38 401-R307 200 226
R307 201+ 46
Unspecified 135

Key Statistics 2011

Total population47,818
Young (0-14)38,3%
Working Age (15-64)56,9%
Elderly (65+)4,7%
Dependency ratio75,6
Sex ratio85,9
Growth rate-0,52% (2001-2011)
Population density44 persons/km2
Unemployment rate28,5%
Youth unemployment rate35,7%
No schooling aged 20+23,3%
Higher education aged 20+4,5%
Matric aged 20+22,1%
Number of households10,433
Number of Agricultural households3,893
Average household size4,1
Female headed households55,2%
Formal dwellings54,5%
Housing owned/paying off37,1%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage25,2%
Weekly refuse removal25,4%
Piped water inside dwelling24,4%
Electricity for lighting68,9%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population50,382
Young (0-14)39,1%
Working Age (15-64)56,9%
Elderly (65+)4,8%
Dependency ratio78,2%
Sex ratio84,5
Growth rate6,27% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate49,6%
Youth unemployment rate55,7%
No schooling aged 20+37,6%
Higher education aged 20+4%
Matric aged 20+13,4%
Number of households10,108
Average household size4
Female headed households52,5%
Formal dwellings41,2%
Housing owned/paying off23,7%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage23,1%
Weekly refuse removal21,6%
Piped water inside dwelling15,7%
Electricity for lighting37,6%