Mkhambathini

Quick Fact

Mkhambathini has a total population of about 63 142.

Quick Fact Image 80% Traditional Areas

Mkhambathini Local Municipality is located along the south-eastern boundary of the uMgungundlovu District Municipality and adjoins the Richmond and Msunduzi municipalities to the west, uMshwathi to the north and the eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality to the east.

The municipal offices are located in the town of Camperdown. Mkhambathini has several comparative advantages emanating from its location near Durban and Pietermaritzburg and adjoining Cato Ridge, which is an industrial node. The N3 runs east-west through the central part of the municipal area and that stretch of the highway has been identified in the Spatial Growth and Development Strategy as a Provincial Corridor (uMgungundlovu District Municipality IDP 2012/13).

Rank By:
157 ranking by population size
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Endumeni , KwaZulu-Natal 64,862 154
Sakhisizwe , Eastern Cape 63,582 155
Masilonyana , Free State 63,334 156
Mkhambathini , KwaZulu-Natal 63,142 157
Phokwane , Northern Cape 63,000 158
Bergrivier , Western Cape 61,897 159
Ndlambe , Eastern Cape 61,176 160
Quick Fact

18,6% of those aged 20+ have no form of schooling.

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Mkhambathini Local Municipality has a population of about 63 142 with a sex ratio of 92 males per 100 females. The dependency ratio is above half (58). Black Africans constitute 95% of the population, which is the vast majority of the population in the district. The white population constitutes 3%, while there is a smaller proportion of Indian and coloured people, each making up of 1% of the total population.

Available data indicate relatively low levels of literacy in the Mkhambathini Local Municipality. The primary enrolment rate is at 89,9% while the matric pass rate is at 20,3%. According to Mkhambathini Municipality IDP 2012/13, there is a need to implement the Adult Education and Training programme.

Group Percentage
Black African94,8%
Coloured0,3%
Indian/Asian1%
White3,7%
Other0,2%
Age Males Females
0-4 5,8% 5,9%
5-9 5,1% 5%
10-14 5% 4,9%
15-19 5,4% 5,2%
20-24 5,4% 5,4%
25-29 4,8% 4,9%
30-34 3,5% 3,7%
35-39 2,9% 3,1%
40-44 2,2% 2,6%
45-49 2% 2%
50-54 1,5% 2,1%
55-59 1,5% 1,9%
60-64 1,2% 1,7%
65-69 0,7% 1%
70-74 0,4% 0,8%
75-79 0,2% 0,5%
80-84 0,2% 0,5%
85+ 0,1% 0,3%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,9%
English 4,9%
IsiNdebele 0,8%
IsiXhosa 5,1%
IsiZulu 83,7%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 1,8%
Setswana 0,4%
Sign Language 0,5%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.2%
Not Applicable 1,2%
Group Percentage
Married 18,5%
Living together like married partners 4,7%
Never married 73,3%
Widower/Widow 2,8%
Separated 0,4%
Divorced 0,3%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,3%
Some Primary 43,3%
Completed Primary 6,3%
Some Secondary 31,7%
Completed Secondary 12,4%
Higher Education 1,3%
Not Applicable 1,6%
Sex Percentage
Female 52,1%
Male 47,9%
Quick Fact

65,2% household access to electricity for lighting.

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There are 14 964 households in Mkhambathini Local Municipality with an average of 4,2 persons per household. Almost 45% of households are headed by females. 49% of households reside in formal dwellings. 66% have access to piped water, either inside the dwelling, inside the yard, or water on a community stand. Nearly one-fifth of the Mkhambathini population has access to proper sanitation, with 18% of households having access to a flush toilet. Almost two-thirds of households use electricity for lighting.

The total unemployment rate is 27%, with Impendle having the highest rate at 45%. Approximately 45% of households are headed by females and at least 1% are headed by children.

A large proportion of the district is poverty stricken with little social and physical infrastructure and very little economic opportunity, except uMngeni and uMsunduzi(according to uMgungundlovu IDP 2012/13). This is reflected in the paradigm shift from being “water centric to being citizen centric”, in line with the vision to spread the vibrant economic benefits through integrated planning and service delivery, to all citizens in the district.

Area Percentage
Urban 3,2%
Tribal/Traditional 74,1%
Farm 22,7%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 78,9% 21,1%
Computer 7,8% 92,2%
Television 47,9% 52,1%
Satellite Television 8,8% 91,2%
Radio 53,2% 46,8%
Landline / Telephone 5,1% 94,9%
Motor Car 15,5% 84,5%
Refrigerator 41,3% 58,7%
Electric / Gas-Stove 51,5% 48,5%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 51,9% 43% 65,2%
Gas 4% 1,7% 0,3%
Paraffin 10,4% 4,5% 1,7%
Solar 0,2% 0,2% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 31,7%
Wood 33% 42,3% 0%
Coal 0,2% 0,5% 0%
Animal Dung 0% 0,2% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 7,6% 0,7%
Access Percentage
From Home 3%
From Cellphone 10,9%
From Work 2,1%
From Elsewhere 4,7%
No Access 79,3%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 17,8%
Owned and fully paid off 22,2%
Owned but not yet paid off 4,3%
Occupied rent free 50,4%
Other 5,3%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 38,8%
Borehole 14,7%
Spring 5,3%
Rain water tank 0,9%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 7,5%
River/Stream 17,7%
Water vendor 2,4%
Water tanker 10,6%
Other 2,1%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 7,4%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 8,9%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 9%
Chemical toilet 2,7%
Pit toilet with ventilation 43,2%
Pit toilet without ventilation 24,8%
Bucket toilet 0,6%
Other 3,5%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 5,5%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,6%
Communal refuse dump 5%
Own refuse dump 76,5%
No rubbish disposal 10,3%
Other 1,2%
Quick Fact

26,8% Unemployment rate.

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According to Mkhambathini Local Municipality IDP 2012/13, the statistics of 2010 show that 10% of the economically active group is unemployed. This means that the municipality needs to continue with employment creation strategies, programmes and projects.

Census 2011 results show that the labour participation rate is at 46%, while 54% of the population is not economically active.

Employment Status Number
Employed 13444
Unemployed 4913
Discouraged Work Seeker 3171
Not Economically Active 18546
Income Percentage
None income 9%
R1 - R4,800 4,2%
R4,801 - R9,600 9,3%
R9,601 - R19,600 31,6%
R19,601 - R38,200 24,3%
R38,201 - R76,4000 10,6%
R76,401 - R153,800 4,7%
R153,801 - R307,600 3,2%
R307,601 - R614,400 2%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,6%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 2,111
Poultry production 2,499
Vegetable production 1,659
Production of other crops 651
Other 384

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 1,129
Animals only 2,748
Mixed farming 1,029
Other 161

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of heads of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 1,272
R1-R4 800 158
R4 801-R38 400 2,981
R38 401-R307 200 477
R307 201+ 92
Unspecified 87

Key Statistics 2011

Total population63,142
Young (0-14)31,7%
Working Age (15-64)63,5%
Elderly (65+)4,8%
Dependency ratio57,6%
Sex ratio92,1
Growth rate0,67% (2001-2011)
Population density71 persons/km2
Unemployment rate26,8%
Youth unemployment rate34,1%
No schooling aged 20+18,6%
Higher education aged 20+5%
Matric aged 20+20,6%
Number of households14,964
Number of Agricultural households5,067
Average household size3,7
Female headed households45,5%
Formal dwellings48,9%
Housing owned/paying off26,5%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage8,9%
Weekly refuse removal5,5%
Piped water inside dwelling14,5%
Electricity for lighting65,2%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population59,067
Young (0-14)36,2%
Working Age (15-64)63,5%
Elderly (65+)4,8%
Dependency ratio69,3%
Sex ratio90,9
Growth rate5,36% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate43,6%
Youth unemployment rate50,5%
No schooling aged 20+29,5%
Higher education aged 20+2,7%
Matric aged 20+9,4%
Number of households12,550
Average household size3,8
Female headed households45%
Formal dwellings46%
Housing owned/paying off52,6%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage14,1%
Weekly refuse removal5,2%
Piped water inside dwelling9,8%
Electricity for lighting43,5%