KwaSani

Quick Fact

According to Census 2011, KwaSani has total population of 12 898.

Quick Fact Image 0,85% Growth Rate

KwaSani is an isiZulu name. “Kwa” means “at” and “Sani” means “San people”. The name was chosen because it was easy to pronounce for overseas visitors to the World Heritage Site of Ukhahlamba.

KwaSani Local Municipality is strategically placed at the foothills of the Southern Drakensberg, bordering the World Heritage Site. The municipality is bordered by Umkhomazi Wilderness Area to the west, Greater Kokstad to the south-west, Eastern Cape to the south, Ingwe Local Municipality to the east, and Impendle Local Municipality to the north. The area is 1 180 km2 in extent with a population of 12 898.

Rank By:
217 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
!Kheis , Northern Cape 16,637 214
Thembelihle , Northern Cape 15,701 215
Prince Albert , Western Cape 13,136 216
KwaSani , KwaZulu-Natal 12,898 217
Karoo Hoogland , Northern Cape 12,588 218
Khâi-Ma , Northern Cape 12,465 219
Richtersveld , Northern Cape 11,982 220
Quick Fact

7,6% of those aged 20+ had no form of schooling.

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According to Census 2011, 79,3% of the population in KwaSani municipality speaks IsiZulu as their first language. The largest portion of the population comprises the black African population (87,9%), followed by the 10,5% of white persons and a relatively small group of coloureds (0,9%). KwaSani Local Municipality has a population of 12 898, with a sex ratio of 107,7. The dependency ratio for KwaSani is 42,2.

Group Percentage
Black African87,9%
Coloured0,9%
Indian/Asian0,4%
White10,5%
Other0,4%
Age Males Females
0-4 5,1% 4,5%
5-9 4,1% 3,7%
10-14 3,4% 3,4%
15-19 4,1% 3,5%
20-24 6% 4,9%
25-29 7,1% 5,4%
30-34 4,7% 4%
35-39 4,4% 4%
40-44 3% 3,4%
45-49 2,4% 2,4%
50-54 2% 2,2%
55-59 1,8% 1,9%
60-64 1,3% 1,6%
65-69 1,2% 1,3%
70-74 0,7% 0,6%
75-79 0,3% 0,5%
80-84 0,2% 0,3%
85+ 0,1% 0,2%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 1%
English 10,2%
IsiNdebele 0,8%
IsiXhosa 2,3%
IsiZulu 79,3%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 1,6%
Setswana 0,3%
Sign Language 0,3%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.5%
Not Applicable 3,5%
Group Percentage
Married 22,8%
Living together like married partners 6,8%
Never married 66,9%
Widower/Widow 2,4%
Separated 0,5%
Divorced 0,5%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,3%
Some Primary 43,6%
Completed Primary 6,7%
Some Secondary 32,4%
Completed Secondary 12,9%
Higher Education 0,9%
Not Applicable 1,2%
Sex Percentage
Female 48,1%
Male 51,9%
Quick Fact

75,4 of households have access to electricity for lighting.

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There are 3 673 households in KwaSaniLocal Municipality with an average household size of 2 persons per household. More than two-thirds (67,5%) of households live in formal dwellings and only about 37,9% of dwellings are owned and fully paid off. Less than 50% of households are headed by females, and 1% of households are headed by children. 42,9% of households have access to piped water from either inside the dwelling, inside the yard or on a community stand. A relatively high percentage of households have access to electricity for lighting (75,4%).

Area Percentage
Urban 34%
Tribal/Traditional 7,3%
Farm 58,7%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 89,5% 10,5%
Computer 17,2% 82,8%
Television 53,9% 46,1%
Satellite Television 25,9% 74,1%
Radio 58,2% 41,8%
Landline / Telephone 14,7% 85,3%
Motor Car 25,4% 74,6%
Refrigerator 44,1% 55,9%
Electric / Gas-Stove 65,6% 34,4%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 54,1% 35% 75,4%
Gas 12,6% 3,2% 0,1%
Paraffin 4% 3,4% 0,8%
Solar 0,2% 0,2% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 23,1%
Wood 28% 46,7% 0%
Coal 0,8% 0,6% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,2% 0% 0%
None 0,1% 10,7% 0,4%
Access Percentage
From Home 9%
From Cellphone 18,2%
From Work 3,6%
From Elsewhere 1,7%
No Access 67,5%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 34,2%
Owned and fully paid off 25,9%
Owned but not yet paid off 11,9%
Occupied rent free 23,7%
Other 4,2%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 43,7%
Borehole 10,1%
Spring 18%
Rain water tank 1,3%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 8,4%
River/Stream 9,3%
Water vendor 0,6%
Water tanker 6,9%
Other 1,7%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 1,6%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 26,4%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 26%
Chemical toilet 1,7%
Pit toilet with ventilation 17,6%
Pit toilet without ventilation 15,8%
Bucket toilet 8,5%
Other 2,4%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 43,2%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 3%
Communal refuse dump 3,8%
Own refuse dump 45,8%
No rubbish disposal 2,9%
Other 1,4%
Quick Fact

16,0% Unemployment rate.

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Of the 6 270 economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work) people in the municipality, 16,0% are unemployed.

One in 5 (20,5%) of the economically active youth (15 – 34 years) in the municipality is unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 5265
Unemployed 1005
Discouraged Work Seeker 291
Not Economically Active 2507
Income Percentage
None income 12,3%
R1 - R4,800 3%
R4,801 - R9,600 6,6%
R9,601 - R19,600 24,6%
R19,601 - R38,200 22,9%
R38,201 - R76,4000 12,7%
R76,401 - R153,800 8,4%
R153,801 - R307,600 4,7%
R307,601 - R614,400 2,6%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 1,3%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,4%
R2,457,601+ 0,6%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 501
Poultry production 492
Vegetable production 760
Production of other crops 266
Other 198

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 405
Animals only 296
Mixed farming 453
Other 22

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 287
R1-R4 800 46
R4 801-R38 400 579
R38 401-R307 200 188
R307 201+ 57
Unspecified 18

Key Statistics 2011

Total population12,898
Young (0-14)24,2%
Working Age (15-64)70,3%
Elderly (65+)5,5%
Dependency ratio42,2
Sex ratio107,7
Growth rate0,85% (2001-2011)
Population density7 persons/km2
Unemployment rate16%
Youth unemployment rate20,5%
No schooling aged 20+7,6%
Higher education aged 20+8,8%
Matric aged 20+21,7%
Number of households3,673
Number of Agricultural households1,176
Average household size2
Female headed households44%
Formal dwellings67,5%
Housing owned/paying off37,9%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage26,5%
Weekly refuse removal43,2%
Piped water inside dwelling42,9%
Electricity for lighting75,4%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population11,848
Young (0-14)32,8%
Working Age (15-64)70,3%
Elderly (65+)5%
Dependency ratio60,7%
Sex ratio97,4
Growth rate-0,14% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate25,5%
Youth unemployment rate32,7%
No schooling aged 20+20,6%
Higher education aged 20+7,2%
Matric aged 20+13%
Number of households3,723
Average household size2,8
Female headed households47,5%
Formal dwellings61,1%
Housing owned/paying off45,7%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage28,8%
Weekly refuse removal30,9%
Piped water inside dwelling28,9%
Electricity for lighting46,3%