Umhlabuyalingana

Quick Fact

uMhlabuyalingana Local Municipality is home to 156 736 individuals

Quick Fact Image 0,95% Growth Rate

uMhlabuyalingana Local Municipalityi s one of five municipalitiesthat fall within uMkhanyakude District Municipality.  uMhlabuyalingana is located in the far northern part of KwaZulu-Natal, sharing its northern border with the country of Mozambique.

The municipality is deeply rural, with almost its entire population living in traditional authority areas. Several nature reserves are located within the municipality, including the Isimangaliso Wetland Park which is a World Heritage Site (Wikipedia).

Rank By:
68 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Blouberg , Limpopo 162,629 65
Umzumbe , KwaZulu-Natal 160,975 66
Moqhaka , Free State 160,532 67
Umhlabuyalingana , KwaZulu-Natal 156,736 68
Port St Johns , Eastern Cape 156,136 69
Stellenbosch , Western Cape 155,733 70
Engcobo , Eastern Cape 155,513 71
Quick Fact

30,5% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling.

 

Quick Fact Image

Umhlabuyalingana Municipality is made up of 99% Black African population.  The population is very young : 41.2% are younger than 14 years and 54,8% are between the age of 15 and 64 years and and 4% o are older than 65 years.  The language spoken by most of the people( about 95% ) is Isizulu.

Education

Census 2011 reveals that over 81.%( 236 245)  out of a total of 291 600 of persons aged 5-24 years are attending school and just 19% (55 355) were not attending school.  About 22 274(30.5% ) of the population aged 20 and above  had no schooling, 4,5% higher education  had and matric(16 222) 22,2 % had matric.  Males makes the highest  proportion of the persons that have some primary school up to higher education while the proportion of males with no schooling is higher than that of females.

Births

Statistics provided by the Department of Health indicate facility delivery rate of 123,3.% . The broad base pyramid between age 0-4 years indicate high birth rate.

Deaths

Statistics provided by the department of health indicate facility  mortality  rate  of 6.3% for children under 1 year and facility infant mortality rate of 4,8 for under 5 years.  HIV/AIDS prevalence was 25 437 and HIV deaths were recorded at 2013 with 1369  other death causes.  The narrow pyramid at the top indicates high death rate from age of 60and above with few males reaching the age of 60 and above.

 

Group Percentage
Black African99,3%
Coloured0,1%
Indian/Asian0,1%
White0,3%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 7,2% 7%
5-9 6,5% 6,2%
10-14 6,8% 6,4%
15-19 6,4% 6,4%
20-24 4,4% 5,1%
25-29 3% 4,2%
30-34 2,1% 3,4%
35-39 2% 2,8%
40-44 1,6% 2,7%
45-49 1,5% 1,5%
50-54 1,1% 1,8%
55-59 0,9% 1,2%
60-64 0,7% 1,1%
65-69 0,5% 0,8%
70-74 0,5% 0,9%
75-79 0,2% 0,7%
80-84 0,2% 0,7%
85+ 0,2% 0,4%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,3%
English 1,2%
IsiNdebele 1%
IsiXhosa 0,1%
IsiZulu 95,1%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,1%
Setswana 0,4%
Sign Language 0,5%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0,2%
Other 0.2%
Not Applicable 0,6%
Group Percentage
Married 10%
Living together like married partners 9,2%
Never married 77,8%
Widower/Widow 2%
Separated 0,8%
Divorced 0,1%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 4%
Some Primary 48,9%
Completed Primary 6,6%
Some Secondary 29,8%
Completed Secondary 10%
Higher Education 0,4%
Not Applicable 0,3%
Sex Percentage
Female 54,2%
Male 45,8%
Quick Fact

Less than 15% of household used electricty for lighting.

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In 2011 Umhlabuyalingana 33857 households with average household size of 4,7.  The percentage of formal dwellings was 57,7 % .  The household with flush toilet was 2,1% down from 4.3% in 2001 and and only 5,3% of the households had piped water inside the dwelling and only 14,2% of households used  electricity for lighting.  This is an indication of huge infrastructure backlog within municipality.

Poverty

Umhlabuyalingana Local Municipality experienced the unemployment rate of 47%.  The municipality had high dependency ratio of 82.5 with high down from 100,7 in 1996.  There is high rate of youth unemployment since there are no industries in the area.  The municipality has the lowest average household income of 36 164.   54% of the households are headed by females.

Area Percentage
Urban 0%
Tribal/Traditional 99,8%
Farm 0,2%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 83,6% 16,4%
Computer 3,9% 96,1%
Television 35,2% 64,8%
Satellite Television 6% 94%
Radio 66,5% 33,5%
Landline / Telephone 1,9% 98,1%
Motor Car 12,5% 87,5%
Refrigerator 28,2% 71,8%
Electric / Gas-Stove 26,6% 73,4%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 11,9% 9% 14,2%
Gas 7,6% 1,9% 0,5%
Paraffin 0,3% 0,5% 0,8%
Solar 0% 0,7% 4,4%
Candles 0% 0% 78,5%
Wood 79,5% 54% 0%
Coal 0,3% 3,3% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 30,5% 1,6%
Access Percentage
From Home 1,5%
From Cellphone 16,2%
From Work 1,4%
From Elsewhere 3%
No Access 77,9%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 8,1%
Owned and fully paid off 40,2%
Owned but not yet paid off 8,9%
Occupied rent free 36,7%
Other 6,1%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 41%
Borehole 29,6%
Spring 1,6%
Rain water tank 2,8%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 2,8%
River/Stream 12,7%
Water vendor 1,3%
Water tanker 2,3%
Other 5,9%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 18,4%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 2,8%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 2,5%
Chemical toilet 16,6%
Pit toilet with ventilation 40,2%
Pit toilet without ventilation 15,8%
Bucket toilet 1,4%
Other 2,4%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 1,4%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,9%
Communal refuse dump 1%
Own refuse dump 85,2%
No rubbish disposal 10,1%
Other 1,4%
Quick Fact

The municipality is deeply rural and economically backward characterised by lack of industries and job opportunities.

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Agriculture is the predominant economic activity in the Municipality.  Most of the people work in government sector and other are working in the informal sector.  Tourism also makes a substantial contribution in the local municipality by providing job opportunities for the local people since the are a attracts a huge number of tourists.  Most of the people practice fishing which is a source of food for most of the people.

Employment Status Number
Employed 12017
Unemployed 10690
Discouraged Work Seeker 12317
Not Economically Active 50847
Income Percentage
None income 13,9%
R1 - R4,800 7,9%
R4,801 - R9,600 17,3%
R9,601 - R19,600 25,3%
R19,601 - R38,200 18,9%
R38,201 - R76,4000 7,8%
R76,401 - R153,800 5,1%
R153,801 - R307,600 2,7%
R307,601 - R614,400 0,9%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,2%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 5,437
Poultry production 14,421
Vegetable production 7,420
Production of other crops 3,772
Other 1,056

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 3,554
Animals only 10,019
Mixed farming 6,340
Other 228

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 9,812
R1-R4 800 1,143
R4 801-R38 400 7,682
R38 401-R307 200 1,067
R307 201+ 70
Unspecified 365

Key Statistics 2011

Total population156,736
Young (0-14)40,2%
Working Age (15-64)54,8%
Elderly (65+)5,1%
Dependency ratio82,5
Sex ratio84,5
Growth rate0,95% (2001-2011)
Population density36 persons/km2
Unemployment rate47,1%
Youth unemployment rate56,5%
No schooling aged 20+30,5%
Higher education aged 20+4,5%
Matric aged 20+22,2%
Number of households33,857
Number of Agricultural households20,140
Average household size4,5
Female headed households53,9%
Formal dwellings57,7%
Housing owned/paying off49,1%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage2,8%
Weekly refuse removal1,4%
Piped water inside dwelling5,3%
Electricity for lighting14,2%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population142,565
Young (0-14)43,6%
Working Age (15-64)54,8%
Elderly (65+)5,4%
Dependency ratio96,4%
Sex ratio79,5
Growth rate2,06% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate69%
Youth unemployment rate74,2%
No schooling aged 20+54%
Higher education aged 20+2,4%
Matric aged 20+9,5%
Number of households26,324
Average household size5,2
Female headed households51,5%
Formal dwellings35,9%
Housing owned/paying off48,2%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage4,3%
Weekly refuse removal1,6%
Piped water inside dwelling1,8%
Electricity for lighting7%