Makana

Quick Fact

Municipality has a total population estimated at 80 390,of which 78,0% are black African

Quick Fact Image 0,65% Growth rate

The Makana Local Municipality is located in the Eastern Cape province and forms part of the Cacadu District Municipality, which includes the Camdeboo, Blue Crane Route, Ikwezi, Baviaans, Sunday’s River Valley, Ndlambe, Kouga, Kou-Kamma, and Makana local municipalities. The MakanaLocal Municipality is situated almost in the middle of Port Elizabeth (to the east) and East London (to the west) on the N2 highway. (www.ru.ac.za).

Rank By:
135 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
eDumbe , KwaZulu-Natal 82,053 132
Nala , Free State 81,220 133
Overstrand , Western Cape 80,432 134
Makana , Eastern Cape 80,390 135
Umdoni , KwaZulu-Natal 78,875 136
Maquassi Hills , North West 77,794 137
Vulamehlo , KwaZulu-Natal 77,403 138
Quick Fact

6,3% of those aged 20+ has no schooling.

Quick Fact Image

According to Census 2011, MakanaLocal Municipality has a total population estimated at 80 390,of which78,0% are black African, 8,7% are white, 12,1% are coloured, and 0,7% are Indian/Asian. Of those 20 years and older, 6,3%have completed primary school, 36,5% have some secondary education, 22,9% have completed matric, and 12,0% have some form of higher education. Only 6,3% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling. The dominant language in the municipality is Xhosa (85,5%), followed by Afrikaans (13,3%).

Group Percentage
Black African78%
Coloured12,1%
Indian/Asian0,7%
White8,7%
Other0,6%
Age Males Females
0-4 4,6% 4,4%
5-9 4% 4%
10-14 3,8% 3,6%
15-19 4,6% 5%
20-24 5,9% 6,5%
25-29 4,7% 4,6%
30-34 3,6% 3,3%
35-39 3,1% 3,5%
40-44 3% 3,5%
45-49 2,6% 2,6%
50-54 2,3% 2,9%
55-59 1,8% 2,2%
60-64 1,2% 1,7%
65-69 0,8% 1,2%
70-74 0,7% 1,1%
75-79 0,4% 0,7%
80-84 0,2% 0,4%
85+ 0,2% 0,5%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 13,8%
English 9,7%
IsiNdebele 0,2%
IsiXhosa 66,5%
IsiZulu 0,4%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,3%
Setswana 0,2%
Sign Language 0,6%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.8%
Not Applicable 6,9%
Group Percentage
Married 22%
Living together like married partners 4,9%
Never married 67,6%
Widower/Widow 3,7%
Separated 0,7%
Divorced 1,2%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 1,9%
Some Primary 36,7%
Completed Primary 5,4%
Some Secondary 28,7%
Completed Secondary 10,8%
Higher Education 3,3%
Not Applicable 13,3%
Sex Percentage
Female 52,5%
Male 47,5%
Quick Fact

89,5% of households has access to lighting electricity.

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There are 21 388 households in the municipality with an average of3,5 persons per household. 49,8%of households have access to piped water inside the dwelling, and 35,4% have water in their yard.Only 4,3% of households do not have access to piped water. A total of 89,5% of households have access to electricity.

Area Percentage
Urban 89,4%
Tribal/Traditional 0%
Farm 10,6%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 83,1% 16,9%
Computer 21% 79%
Television 79,4% 20,6%
Satellite Television 24,6% 75,4%
Radio 69,8% 30,2%
Landline / Telephone 15,3% 84,7%
Motor Car 26,2% 73,8%
Refrigerator 74,9% 25,1%
Electric / Gas-Stove 84,5% 15,5%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 80,6% 35% 89,5%
Gas 7,1% 4% 0,4%
Paraffin 9,1% 33,9% 7,4%
Solar 0,2% 0,2% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 2,3%
Wood 2,6% 7,7% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,6% 0%
Animal Dung 0% 0% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 18,5% 0,1%
Access Percentage
From Home 8,7%
From Cellphone 12,9%
From Work 5,5%
From Elsewhere 2,8%
No Access 70,1%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 26,6%
Owned and fully paid off 40,3%
Owned but not yet paid off 8%
Occupied rent free 19,3%
Other 5,8%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 88,2%
Borehole 3%
Spring 0,2%
Rain water tank 3%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 0,7%
River/Stream 0,5%
Water vendor 0,4%
Water tanker 2,8%
Other 1,1%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 3,9%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 71,9%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 2,6%
Chemical toilet 0,1%
Pit toilet with ventilation 6,3%
Pit toilet without ventilation 9,8%
Bucket toilet 3,6%
Other 1,9%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 88,9%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,7%
Communal refuse dump 0,9%
Own refuse dump 6,8%
No rubbish disposal 1,5%
Other 1,2%
Quick Fact

32,5% are unemployed

Quick Fact Image

Of the 28 494 economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work)people in the municipality, 32,5% are unemployed. Of the 7 777 economically active youth (15–34years) in the area, 42,2% are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 19234
Unemployed 9260
Discouraged Work Seeker 3195
Not Economically Active 24088
Income Percentage
None income 12,7%
R1 - R4,800 4,2%
R4,801 - R9,600 5,9%
R9,601 - R19,600 19,5%
R19,601 - R38,200 20,5%
R38,201 - R76,4000 14,2%
R76,401 - R153,800 10,2%
R153,801 - R307,600 7%
R307,601 - R614,400 4,1%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 1,2%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,4%
R2,457,601+ 0,3%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 1,093
Poultry production 1,000
Vegetable production 1,525
Production of other crops 338
Other 661

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 1,189
Animals only 1,199
Mixed farming 496
Other 214

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 515
R1-R4 800 159
R4 801-R38 400 1,717
R38 401-R307 200 526
R307 201+ 114
Unspecified 22

Key Statistics 2011

Total population80,390
Young (0-14)24,4%
Working Age (15-64)69,4%
Elderly (65+)6,2%
Dependency ratio44,1
Sex ratio90,4
Growth rate0,65% (2001-2011)
Population density18 persons/km2
Unemployment rate32,5%
Youth unemployment rate42,3%
No schooling aged 20+6,3%
Higher education aged 20+11,9%
Matric aged 20+22,7%
Number of households21,388
Number of Agricultural households3,098
Average household size3,4
Female headed households44,5%
Formal dwellings85,4%
Housing owned/paying off48,3%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage71,9%
Weekly refuse removal88,9%
Piped water inside dwelling49,8%
Electricity for lighting89,5%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population75,302
Young (0-14)26,1%
Working Age (15-64)69,4%
Elderly (65+)6,1%
Dependency ratio47,6%
Sex ratio88,4
Growth rate-0,62% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate49%
Youth unemployment rate60,8%
No schooling aged 20+12,5%
Higher education aged 20+10,8%
Matric aged 20+17,6%
Number of households18,009
Average household size3,9
Female headed households42,1%
Formal dwellings68,6%
Housing owned/paying off36,1%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage33,6%
Weekly refuse removal85,4%
Piped water inside dwelling22,5%
Electricity for lighting72,8%