uMshwathi

Quick Fact

uMshwathi Local Municipality has a population of about 106 374, with a sex ratio of 90 males per 100 females

Quick Fact Image -0,19% Growth rate

uMshwathi Municipality is situated within uMgungundlovu District Municipality immediately adjacent to Pietermaritzburg. uMshwathi comprises of four major urban centres (New Hanover, Wartburg, Dalton and Cool Air) as well as the rural residential settlements of Swayimane, Mpolweni, Thokozani and Ozwathini. uMshwathi covers an area of about 1 811 km².

Economic development opportunities at uMshwathi include the rehabilitation and development of the towns, middle and high-income housing projects as well as development of a road corridor linking the N2 and N3 by traversing the municipality.The importance of agriculture in uMshwathi cannot be overemphasized. Sugar cane is the predominant agricultural pursuit. Manufacturing activities are mainly related to agricultural processing activities, notably sugar and timber processing activities.

Rank By:
105 ranking by population size
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Theewaterskloof , Western Cape 108,790 102
Molemole , Limpopo 108,321 103
Ratlou , North West 107,339 104
uMshwathi , KwaZulu-Natal 106,374 105
Kagisano Molopo , North West 105,789 106
Indaka , KwaZulu-Natal 103,116 107
Umvoti , KwaZulu-Natal 103,093 108
Quick Fact

15,7% of those aged 20+ had no form of schooling.

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uMshwathi Local Municipality has a population of about 106 374, with a sex ratio of 90 males per 100 females. The dependency ratio is significantly high (61). Black Africans constitutes 95%,. The white population constitutes 3%, while there is a smaller proportion of Indian people (2%).

Group Percentage
Black African95,1%
Coloured0,2%
Indian/Asian1,7%
White2,7%
Other0,2%
Age Males Females
0-4 6% 5,8%
5-9 5,2% 5,1%
10-14 5,4% 5,2%
15-19 5,7% 5,8%
20-24 5% 5,1%
25-29 4,2% 4,4%
30-34 3,2% 3,4%
35-39 2,8% 3%
40-44 2% 2,5%
45-49 1,9% 1,9%
50-54 1,6% 2,3%
55-59 1,4% 1,9%
60-64 1,2% 1,8%
65-69 0,6% 1,1%
70-74 0,4% 0,9%
75-79 0,2% 0,7%
80-84 0,2% 0,5%
85+ 0,1% 0,4%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,6%
English 4,8%
IsiNdebele 1%
IsiXhosa 0,9%
IsiZulu 89%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 1,1%
Setswana 0,4%
Sign Language 0,4%
SiSwati 0,1%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.7%
Not Applicable 0,7%
Group Percentage
Married 16,3%
Living together like married partners 4,8%
Never married 75,8%
Widower/Widow 2,7%
Separated 0,3%
Divorced 0,2%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,2%
Some Primary 44,4%
Completed Primary 6,7%
Some Secondary 32,6%
Completed Secondary 11,6%
Higher Education 0,9%
Not Applicable 0,7%
Sex Percentage
Female 52,5%
Male 47,5%
Quick Fact

72,7% of households using electricity for lighting.

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There are 28124 households in uMshwathi Municipality, with an average of 3,8 persons per household. Almost 49% of households are headed by females. 63% of households reside in formal dwellings . 80% have access to piped water from either inside the dwelling, inside the yard, or water on a community stand.

Proper sanitation infrastructure is very low in Umshwathi, with only 21% of households having access to a flush toilet. There is relatively high access to electricity, with 73% of households using electricity for lighting.

Area Percentage
Urban 11,9%
Tribal/Traditional 48,5%
Farm 39,5%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 79,1% 20,9%
Computer 7% 93%
Television 53,5% 46,5%
Satellite Television 8,9% 91,1%
Radio 61,7% 38,3%
Landline / Telephone 6% 94%
Motor Car 14,9% 85,1%
Refrigerator 47% 53%
Electric / Gas-Stove 56,8% 43,2%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 56,9% 40,9% 72,7%
Gas 2,7% 1,5% 0,4%
Paraffin 6,1% 1,9% 0,5%
Solar 0,2% 0,2% 0,2%
Candles 0% 0% 25,6%
Wood 33,6% 48% 0%
Coal 0,2% 0,7% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,1% 6,7% 0,6%
Access Percentage
From Home 2,9%
From Cellphone 18,9%
From Work 1,6%
From Elsewhere 15,3%
No Access 61,3%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 12,7%
Owned and fully paid off 39,1%
Owned but not yet paid off 14,3%
Occupied rent free 28,3%
Other 5,7%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 45,2%
Borehole 10,1%
Spring 4,6%
Rain water tank 2,1%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 8%
River/Stream 16,9%
Water vendor 2,6%
Water tanker 7,2%
Other 3,2%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 6,3%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 13,5%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 7,7%
Chemical toilet 12,6%
Pit toilet with ventilation 38,6%
Pit toilet without ventilation 17,3%
Bucket toilet 0,6%
Other 3,4%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 15,1%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 4,6%
Communal refuse dump 2,3%
Own refuse dump 72,5%
No rubbish disposal 4,5%
Other 1%
Quick Fact

24,9% Unemployment rate.

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According to uMgungundlovu District Municipality IDP 2012/13, there are six critical sectors that contribute more than 92% of the district economy: agriculture, manufacturing, wholesale and trade, finance, community service and households.

Agriculture and forestry is showing a slight decline of 2,4% when compared to the provincial trend in the period. While manufacturing is showing a 2% decline for the province, at district level it seems consistent at just over 14%. Community service is growing at around 2%.

Employment Status Number
Employed 21310
Unemployed 7078
Discouraged Work Seeker 4405
Not Economically Active 33177
Income Percentage
None income 9,9%
R1 - R4,800 3,9%
R4,801 - R9,600 7,9%
R9,601 - R19,600 30,8%
R19,601 - R38,200 26,2%
R38,201 - R76,4000 11,8%
R76,401 - R153,800 4,6%
R153,801 - R307,600 2,7%
R307,601 - R614,400 1,7%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,4%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,2%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 2,964
Poultry production 3,786
Vegetable production 4,242
Production of other crops 1,719
Other 700

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 3,406
Animals only 3,691
Mixed farming 1,994
Other 237

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of heads of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 2,084
R1-R4 800 342
R4 801-R38 400 5,919
R38 401-R307 200 674
R307 201+ 128
Unspecified 183

Key Statistics 2011

Total population106,374
Young (0-14)32,8%
Working Age (15-64)62%
Elderly (65+)5,2%
Dependency ratio61,2%
Sex ratio90,3
Growth rate-0,19% (2001-2011)
Population density59 persons/km2
Unemployment rate24,9%
Youth unemployment rate31,5%
No schooling aged 20+15,7%
Higher education aged 20+4,7%
Matric aged 20+21,3%
Number of households28,124
Number of Agricultural households9,329
Average household size3,7
Female headed households49%
Formal dwellings62,7%
Housing owned/paying off53,3%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage13,5%
Weekly refuse removal15,1%
Piped water inside dwelling22,6%
Electricity for lighting72,7%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population108,422
Young (0-14)36,2%
Working Age (15-64)62%
Elderly (65+)5%
Dependency ratio70,1%
Sex ratio88,2
Growth rate-1,16% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate43,5%
Youth unemployment rate51,5%
No schooling aged 20+29,4%
Higher education aged 20+3,3%
Matric aged 20+10,4%
Number of households23,831
Average household size4
Female headed households50,4%
Formal dwellings52,7%
Housing owned/paying off43%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage15,6%
Weekly refuse removal14,7%
Piped water inside dwelling13%
Electricity for lighting54,1%