Umzimvubu

Quick Fact

According to the 2011 Census, Umzimvubu Local Municipality has a total population of 191 620.

Quick Fact Image -0,55% Growth Rate

Umzimvubu Local Municipality is one amongst four local municipalities that fall under the Alfred Nzo District Municipality located in the northern region of the Eastern Cape. It stretches to the border of the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal. It is formed by two towns, Mount Frere and Mount Ayliff, which are geographically located along the N2 route between Mthatha and Kokstad (http://www.localgovernment.co.za).

Rank By:
49 ranking by population size
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Merafong City , Gauteng 197,520 46
Nongoma , KwaZulu-Natal 194,908 47
George , Western Cape 193,672 48
Umzimvubu , Eastern Cape 191,620 49
Lukhanji , Eastern Cape 190,723 50
Ulundi , KwaZulu-Natal 188,317 51
Mhlontlo , Eastern Cape 188,226 52
Quick Fact

 8% have no form of schooling.

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According to the 2011 Census, Umzimvubu Local Municipality has a total population of 180 416. Of the people in the municipality, 99,4% are black African, with the other population groups making up the remaining 0,6%.Of those aged 20 years and older, 8,2% have completed primary school, 39,4% have some secondary education, 13,7% have completed matric and 6,5% have some form of higher education. Of the mentioned age group, 8% have no form of schooling.

Group Percentage
Black African99,4%
Coloured0,3%
Indian/Asian0,1%
White0,1%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 6,7% 6,4%
5-9 6,3% 6,3%
10-14 6,4% 6,1%
15-19 6,5% 6,3%
20-24 4,4% 4,6%
25-29 3% 3,5%
30-34 2,3% 2,8%
35-39 1,9% 2,6%
40-44 1,5% 2,3%
45-49 1,3% 1,3%
50-54 1,4% 2,2%
55-59 1,1% 2,1%
60-64 1,1% 1,8%
65-69 0,8% 1,4%
70-74 0,6% 1,1%
75-79 0,4% 1%
80-84 0,2% 0,7%
85+ 0,1% 0,4%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,5%
English 2,6%
IsiNdebele 0,2%
IsiXhosa 92,1%
IsiZulu 0,7%
Sepedi 0,3%
Sesotho 0,5%
Setswana 0,1%
Sign Language 0,6%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0,1%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 1.2%
Not Applicable 1,1%
Group Percentage
Married 19,9%
Living together like married partners 2,1%
Never married 70,4%
Widower/Widow 6,5%
Separated 0,7%
Divorced 0,4%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 1,9%
Some Primary 52,3%
Completed Primary 7,2%
Some Secondary 31,4%
Completed Secondary 5,5%
Higher Education 0,5%
Not Applicable 1,1%
Sex Percentage
Female 54,1%
Male 45,9%
Quick Fact

45,2% have access to electricity.

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There are 46 891 households in the municipality, with an average household size of 3,8 persons per household. Females head 58,7% of the households.Of the households, 45,2% have access to electricity. Only 4,4% of households have access to piped water inside the dwelling.

Area Percentage
Urban 8,7%
Tribal/Traditional 91,3%
Farm 0%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 80,3% 19,7%
Computer 2,8% 97,2%
Television 38,7% 61,3%
Satellite Television 6,1% 93,9%
Radio 56,8% 43,2%
Landline / Telephone 1,7% 98,3%
Motor Car 9,5% 90,5%
Refrigerator 31% 69%
Electric / Gas-Stove 42,6% 57,4%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 29,7% 10,8% 45,2%
Gas 9,1% 1,8% 0,4%
Paraffin 17% 25,6% 6,9%
Solar 0,1% 0,1% 0,4%
Candles 0% 0% 46,4%
Wood 41,9% 53,7% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,3% 0%
Animal Dung 1,6% 2,1% 0%
Other 0,1% 0,1% 0%
None 0,3% 5,5% 0,6%
Access Percentage
From Home 1,2%
From Cellphone 13,2%
From Work 1,3%
From Elsewhere 3,2%
No Access 81%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 10,4%
Owned and fully paid off 55,8%
Owned but not yet paid off 5,9%
Occupied rent free 19,1%
Other 8,8%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 30,6%
Borehole 7,2%
Spring 12%
Rain water tank 5,1%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 4,4%
River/Stream 32,4%
Water vendor 1,3%
Water tanker 4,6%
Other 2,3%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 10,9%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 5,3%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 1,5%
Chemical toilet 8,2%
Pit toilet with ventilation 27,2%
Pit toilet without ventilation 42,4%
Bucket toilet 0,3%
Other 4%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 7,1%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,7%
Communal refuse dump 1,5%
Own refuse dump 74,4%
No rubbish disposal 14,2%
Other 2,2%
Quick Fact

45,9% are unemployed

Quick Fact Image

There are 34 048 people that are economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work), and of these, 45,9% are unemployed.Of the 18 562 economically active youth (15–35 years) in the area, 54,5% are unemployed

Employment Status Number
Employed 18413
Unemployed 15635
Discouraged Work Seeker 10980
Not Economically Active 60331
Income Percentage
None income 16,1%
R1 - R4,800 7,2%
R4,801 - R9,600 14%
R9,601 - R19,600 25,7%
R19,601 - R38,200 21,1%
R38,201 - R76,4000 6,9%
R76,401 - R153,800 4,7%
R153,801 - R307,600 2,8%
R307,601 - R614,400 1%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,1%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 16,618
Poultry production 17,768
Vegetable production 12,007
Production of other crops 6,348
Other 1,919

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 2,813
Animals only 12,603
Mixed farming 11,050
Other 247

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 8,954
R1-R4 800 1,265
R4 801-R38 400 14,375
R38 401-R307 200 1,572
R307 201+ 95
Unspecified 453

Key Statistics 2011

Total population191,620
Young (0-14)38,3%
Working Age (15-64)55%
Elderly (65+)6,7%
Dependency ratio81,9
Sex ratio84,8
Growth rate-0,55% (2001-2011)
Population density74 persons/km2
Unemployment rate45,9%
Youth unemployment rate54,5%
No schooling aged 20+8%
Higher education aged 20+6,5%
Matric aged 20+13,7%
Number of households46,891
Number of Agricultural households26,714
Average household size3,8
Female headed households58,7%
Formal dwellings37,7%
Housing owned/paying off61,7%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage5,3%
Weekly refuse removal7,1%
Piped water inside dwelling4,4%
Electricity for lighting45,2%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population202,369
Young (0-14)43,7%
Working Age (15-64)55%
Elderly (65+)6,2%
Dependency ratio99,6%
Sex ratio81,7
Growth rate0,9% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate64,8%
Youth unemployment rate74,7%
No schooling aged 20+23,7%
Higher education aged 20+4,6%
Matric aged 20+8,2%
Number of households46,460
Average household size4,3
Female headed households61,5%
Formal dwellings26,2%
Housing owned/paying off59,1%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage2,9%
Weekly refuse removal6,2%
Piped water inside dwelling1%
Electricity for lighting24,1%