Steve Tshwete

Quick Fact

According to Census 2011, Steve TshweteLocal Municipality has a total population of 229 831 people, of whom 73,6% are black African, and 21,8% are white.The other population groups make up the remaining 4,2%.

Quick Fact Image 4,76% Growth Rate

In 1994 Middelburg and Mhluzi, as well as Hendrina and Kwazamokuhle amalgamated to form the Transitional Local Councils. In 2001, a new dispensation for Local Government came into being, whereby the country was demarcated so that every piece of land fell within the jurisdiction of a municipality. Transitional Local Councils of Middelburg and Hendrina, as well as some smaller towns, were amalgamated to form Steve Tshwete Local Municipality (formerly Middelburg Local Municipality). The municipal area covers approximately 3 993 km2. (www.stevetshwetelm.gov.za)

It is located in the Nkangala District Municipality of Mpumalanga province, South Africa. The seat of Steve Tshwete Local Municipality is Middelburg. The municipality is named after Steve Tshwete, ANC activist imprisoned by the apartheid authorities on Robben Island from February 1964 to 1983. (Wikipedia)

Rank By:
41 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Emnambithi/Ladysmith , KwaZulu-Natal 237,437 38
KwaDukuza , KwaZulu-Natal 231,187 39
Lepele-Nkumpi , Limpopo 230,350 40
Steve Tshwete , Mpumalanga 229,831 41
uMlalazi , KwaZulu-Natal 213,601 42
Greater Letaba , Limpopo 212,701 43
Abaqulusi , KwaZulu-Natal 211,060 44
Quick Fact

7,4% of those 20+ have no schooling.

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According to Census 2011, Steve Tshwete Local Municipality has a total population of 217 073 people, of whom 73,6% are black African, and 21,8% are white. The other population groups make up the remaining 4,6%.

Of those aged 20 years and older, 3,4% have completed primary school, 30,8% have some secondary education, 35% have completed matric, and 14,4% have some form of higher education, while 7,4% of have no form of schooling.

Group Percentage
Black African73,6%
Coloured2,6%
Indian/Asian1,6%
White21,8%
Other0,4%
Age Males Females
0-4 4,8% 4,8%
5-9 3,9% 3,9%
10-14 3,8% 3,7%
15-19 4,1% 4,1%
20-24 5,7% 4,8%
25-29 6,2% 4,9%
30-34 4,9% 3,9%
35-39 4,2% 3,6%
40-44 3,6% 3,3%
45-49 3% 3%
50-54 2,7% 2,4%
55-59 2% 1,8%
60-64 1,3% 1,3%
65-69 0,8% 0,9%
70-74 0,5% 0,7%
75-79 0,3% 0,4%
80-84 0,2% 0,3%
85+ 0,1% 0,2%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 22,1%
English 5,8%
IsiNdebele 14,6%
IsiXhosa 2,3%
IsiZulu 27,8%
Sepedi 10,6%
Sesotho 3,9%
Setswana 1,5%
Sign Language 0,3%
SiSwati 5,2%
Tshivenda 0,4%
Xitsonga 2%
Other 1.5%
Not Applicable 1,9%
Group Percentage
Married 30,4%
Living together like married partners 7,1%
Never married 58,1%
Widower/Widow 2,7%
Separated 0,5%
Divorced 1,2%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,1%
Some Primary 37,8%
Completed Primary 5,8%
Some Secondary 31,1%
Completed Secondary 18,5%
Higher Education 2,2%
Not Applicable 1,5%
Sex Percentage
Female 48%
Male 52%
Quick Fact

90,8% Use electricity for lighting.

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There are 64 971 households in the municipality, with an average household size of 3,3 persons per household.29,4% of households are headed by females.

 62,2% of households have access to piped water inside the dwelling, 23,5% of households have access to piped water in their yard and 1,8% have no access to piped water.

Area Percentage
Urban 88,7%
Tribal/Traditional 0%
Farm 11,3%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 94,1% 5,9%
Computer 26,3% 73,7%
Television 82% 18%
Satellite Television 28,8% 71,2%
Radio 76,6% 23,4%
Landline / Telephone 12,8% 87,2%
Motor Car 41% 59%
Refrigerator 74,7% 25,3%
Electric / Gas-Stove 83% 17%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 81,7% 63% 90,8%
Gas 2% 2,7% 0,3%
Paraffin 5% 1,6% 0,6%
Solar 0,2% 0,2% 0,2%
Candles 0% 0% 7,8%
Wood 3,6% 4,8% 0%
Coal 7% 14,5% 0%
Animal Dung 0% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 13% 0,3%
Access Percentage
From Home 9,8%
From Cellphone 18,1%
From Work 5,9%
From Elsewhere 3,5%
No Access 62,7%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 41,6%
Owned and fully paid off 32,1%
Owned but not yet paid off 12,3%
Occupied rent free 11,2%
Other 2,8%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 90,7%
Borehole 4,8%
Spring 0,3%
Rain water tank 0,2%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 0,6%
River/Stream 0,2%
Water vendor 0,3%
Water tanker 1,6%
Other 1,3%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 2,1%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 81,9%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 1,9%
Chemical toilet 1,1%
Pit toilet with ventilation 3,2%
Pit toilet without ventilation 5,6%
Bucket toilet 3,2%
Other 0,9%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 84,7%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,6%
Communal refuse dump 1,4%
Own refuse dump 9,6%
No rubbish disposal 2,4%
Other 0,3%
Quick Fact

27,1% Youth unemployment rate.

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107 069 people are economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work), and of these, 19,7% are unemployed.

Of the 53 630 economically active youth (15 – 34 years) in the area, 27,1% are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 85968
Unemployed 21101
Discouraged Work Seeker 5092
Not Economically Active 50252
Income Percentage
None income 12,8%
R1 - R4,800 2,6%
R4,801 - R9,600 4,2%
R9,601 - R19,600 11,3%
R19,601 - R38,200 16,1%
R38,201 - R76,4000 17%
R76,401 - R153,800 14,3%
R153,801 - R307,600 11,4%
R307,601 - R614,400 7%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 2,3%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,5%
R2,457,601+ 0,4%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 2,065
Poultry production 2,395
Vegetable production 1,831
Production of other crops 757
Other 1,633

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 1,477
Animals only 2,875
Mixed farming 811
Other 861

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of heads of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 1,129
R1-R4 800 179
R4 801-R38 400 2,369
R38 401-R307 200 1,780
R307 201+ 333
Unspecified 235

Key Statistics 2011

Total population229,831
Young (0-14)25%
Working Age (15-64)70,7%
Elderly (65+)4,3%
Dependency ratio41,5%
Sex ratio108,1
Growth rate4,76% (2001-2011)
Population density58 persons/km2
Unemployment rate19,7%
Youth unemployment rate27,1%
No schooling aged 20+7,4%
Higher education aged 20+14,4%
Matric aged 20+35%
Number of households64,971
Number of Agricultural households6,025
Average household size3,3
Female headed households29,4%
Formal dwellings83%
Housing owned/paying off44,5%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage81,9%
Weekly refuse removal84,7%
Piped water inside dwelling62,2%
Electricity for lighting90,8%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population142,772
Young (0-14)29,6%
Working Age (15-64)70,7%
Elderly (65+)3,3%
Dependency ratio49,2%
Sex ratio97,8
Growth rate1,07% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate35,4%
Youth unemployment rate47%
No schooling aged 20+18,2%
Higher education aged 20+8,9%
Matric aged 20+25%
Number of households36,229
Average household size3,8
Female headed households29,4%
Formal dwellings73,9%
Housing owned/paying off57,5%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage75,7%
Weekly refuse removal82,6%
Piped water inside dwelling36,3%
Electricity for lighting74,8%