Emalahleni

Quick Fact

According toCensus 2011, Emalahleni Local Municipality has a total population of 395 466, of whom 81,3% are black African, 15,7% are white, with the other population groups making up the remaining 3,0%.

Quick Fact Image 3,58% Growth rate

EmalahleniLocal Municipality is situated in Mpumalanga province, and it represents one of the six local municipalities in the Nkangala District Municipality. It forms part of the western regions of the province and borders Gauteng province. The southern parts of EmalahleniLocal Municipality form part of the precinct referred to as the Energy Mecca of South Africa, due to its rich deposits of coal reserves and power stations such as Kendal, Matla, Duvha and Ga-Nala. The southward road and rail network connect the Emalahleni area to the Richards Bay and Maputo harbours, offering export opportunities for coal reserves. It comprises of eMalahleni City as the main urban centre in the municipality, with the other activity nodes/towns in the municipal area represented by Ogies, Phola, Ga-Nala, Thubelihle, Rietspruit, Van Dyksdrift andWilge. (www.emalahleni.gov.za)

Rank By:
13 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
King Sabata Dalindyebo , Eastern Cape 451,710 10
Matjhabeng , Free State 406,461 11
City of Matlosana , North West 398,676 12
Emalahleni , Mpumalanga 395,466 13
Nkomazi , Mpumalanga 393,030 14
Greater Tzaneen , Limpopo 390,095 15
Newcastle , KwaZulu-Natal 363,236 16
Quick Fact

5,8% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling.

Quick Fact Image

According to Census 2011, Emalahleni Local Municipality has a total population of 395 466, of whom 81,3% are black African, 15,7% are white, with the other population groups making up the remaining 3,0%.

Of those aged 20 years and older, 4,0% have completed primary school, 35,7% have some secondary education, 31,5% have completed matric,14,0% have some form of higher education, while 5, 8% have no form of schooling.

Group Percentage
Black African81,3%
Coloured1,7%
Indian/Asian0,9%
White15,7%
Other0,4%
Age Males Females
0-4 5% 5%
5-9 3,9% 3,9%
10-14 3,7% 3,6%
15-19 4% 4,1%
20-24 6,1% 5,1%
25-29 6,8% 5,1%
30-34 5,2% 3,9%
35-39 4,2% 3,5%
40-44 3,4% 3%
45-49 3% 3%
50-54 2,7% 2,2%
55-59 2% 1,7%
60-64 1,2% 1,2%
65-69 0,6% 0,8%
70-74 0,4% 0,6%
75-79 0,2% 0,3%
80-84 0,1% 0,2%
85+ 0,1% 0,2%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 14,9%
English 5,6%
IsiNdebele 8,9%
IsiXhosa 3,1%
IsiZulu 38,6%
Sepedi 11,3%
Sesotho 3,2%
Setswana 1,2%
Sign Language 0,3%
SiSwati 5,8%
Tshivenda 0,5%
Xitsonga 3,5%
Other 1.7%
Not Applicable 1,5%
Group Percentage
Married 27,2%
Living together like married partners 8,1%
Never married 60,4%
Widower/Widow 2,7%
Separated 0,5%
Divorced 1,1%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,9%
Some Primary 38,4%
Completed Primary 5,9%
Some Secondary 32,7%
Completed Secondary 16,9%
Higher Education 2,5%
Not Applicable 0,7%
Sex Percentage
Female 47,2%
Male 52,8%
Quick Fact

73,4% of households have access to electricity for lighting

Quick Fact Image

There are119 874 households in the municipality, with an average household size of 3,2 persons per household.

80,3% of households have access to piped water either in their dwelling or in the yard. Only5,2% of households do not have access to piped water.

Area Percentage
Urban 95,4%
Tribal/Traditional 0%
Farm 4,6%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 93,4% 6,6%
Computer 22,7% 77,3%
Television 70% 30%
Satellite Television 30,4% 69,6%
Radio 69,1% 30,9%
Landline / Telephone 10% 90%
Motor Car 35% 65%
Refrigerator 63,9% 36,1%
Electric / Gas-Stove 69,8% 30,2%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 70,8% 63% 73,4%
Gas 2,3% 2,4% 0,2%
Paraffin 21,5% 4,8% 2,5%
Solar 0,1% 0,2% 0,2%
Candles 0% 0% 23,3%
Wood 1,6% 4,3% 0%
Coal 3,5% 13,3% 0%
Animal Dung 0% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,1% 11,9% 0,4%
Access Percentage
From Home 8,3%
From Cellphone 18,9%
From Work 4,9%
From Elsewhere 6,5%
No Access 61,4%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 32,9%
Owned and fully paid off 32,1%
Owned but not yet paid off 13,2%
Occupied rent free 19,1%
Other 2,7%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 86,6%
Borehole 3,3%
Spring 0,2%
Rain water tank 0,2%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 0,5%
River/Stream 1%
Water vendor 0,9%
Water tanker 4%
Other 3,3%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 2,5%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 68,8%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 2%
Chemical toilet 0,7%
Pit toilet with ventilation 3,2%
Pit toilet without ventilation 20,2%
Bucket toilet 0,6%
Other 2%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 67,2%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,4%
Communal refuse dump 2,9%
Own refuse dump 20,8%
No rubbish disposal 6,8%
Other 0,8%
Quick Fact

27,3% Unemployment rate.

Quick Fact Image

190 662 people are economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work), and of these 27,3% are unemployed.

Of the 101 062 economically active youth (15 – 34 years) in the area, 36,0% are unemployed.

 

Employment Status Number
Employed 138548
Unemployed 52114
Discouraged Work Seeker 9612
Not Economically Active 81494
Income Percentage
None income 13,5%
R1 - R4,800 3,2%
R4,801 - R9,600 5%
R9,601 - R19,600 11,1%
R19,601 - R38,200 16,8%
R38,201 - R76,4000 17,5%
R76,401 - R153,800 13,5%
R153,801 - R307,600 10,5%
R307,601 - R614,400 6,1%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 2%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,5%
R2,457,601+ 0,3%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 2,389
Poultry production 4,677
Vegetable production 4,024
Production of other crops 1,936
Other 3,635

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 3,545
Animals only 4,210
Mixed farming 1,648
Other 1,544

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 2,411
R1-R4 800 324
R4 801-R38 400 4,399
R38 401-R307 200 3,087
R307 201+ 431
Unspecified 294

Key Statistics 2011

Total population395,466
Young (0-14)25,2%
Working Age (15-64)71,2%
Elderly (65+)3,6%
Dependency ratio40,4
Sex ratio111,8
Growth rate3,58% (2001-2011)
Population density148 persons/km2
Unemployment rate27,3%
Youth unemployment rate36%
No schooling aged 20+5,8%
Higher education aged 20+13,9%
Matric aged 20+31,4%
Number of households119,874
Number of Agricultural households10,947
Average household size3,2
Female headed households27,9%
Formal dwellings77,2%
Housing owned/paying off45,3%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage68,8%
Weekly refuse removal67,2%
Piped water inside dwelling54,9%
Electricity for lighting73,4%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population276,413
Young (0-14)28,4%
Working Age (15-64)71,2%
Elderly (65+)2,9%
Dependency ratio45,4%
Sex ratio103,7
Growth rate3,16% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate38,4%
Youth unemployment rate50,2%
No schooling aged 20+14,7%
Higher education aged 20+7,9%
Matric aged 20+24,4%
Number of households74,917
Average household size3,3
Female headed households30,7%
Formal dwellings67,1%
Housing owned/paying off54,8%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage71,6%
Weekly refuse removal64,2%
Piped water inside dwelling41,9%
Electricity for lighting70,3%