Senqu

Quick Fact

According Census 2011, Senqu Local Municipality has a total population of 134 150 individuals.

Quick Fact Image -0,12% Growth Rate

Senqu Local Municipality is located in the Joe Gqabi District of the Eastern Cape Province, sharing its northern border with the country of Lesotho. Senqu is a Sesotho name for the Orange River. (http://en.wikipedia.org). 83,5% of the population lives in a non-urban environment, and major settlements include Barkley East, Mareteng and Voyizane.

Rank By:
81 ranking by population size
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Ndwedwe , KwaZulu-Natal 140,820 78
Elundini , Eastern Cape 138,141 79
Mandeni , KwaZulu-Natal 138,078 80
Senqu , Eastern Cape 134,150 81
Okhahlamba , KwaZulu-Natal 132,068 82
Aganang , Limpopo 131,164 83
Dihlabeng , Free State 128,704 84
Quick Fact

14,5% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling

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According Census 2011, Senqu Local Municipality has a total population of 134 150 individuals. Black Africans make up 97,3% of the population in the municipality, followed by coloureds (1,2%) and whites (1,1%).

Of those aged 20 years and older, 7,2% have completed primary school, 34,4% have some secondary education, 13,2% have completed matric and 5,4% have some form of higher education. 14,5% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling.

Group Percentage
Black African97,3%
Coloured1,2%
Indian/Asian0,2%
White1,1%
Other0,2%
Age Males Females
0-4 6% 5,8%
5-9 5,6% 5,7%
10-14 5,6% 5,3%
15-19 6,2% 5,8%
20-24 4,6% 4,8%
25-29 3,2% 3,7%
30-34 2,7% 3%
35-39 2,3% 2,7%
40-44 1,9% 2,4%
45-49 1,7% 1,7%
50-54 1,6% 2,4%
55-59 1,5% 2,2%
60-64 1,4% 1,9%
65-69 0,9% 1,5%
70-74 0,8% 1,3%
75-79 0,5% 1,2%
80-84 0,2% 0,6%
85+ 0,2% 0,5%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 2,4%
English 1,3%
IsiNdebele 0,2%
IsiXhosa 73,6%
IsiZulu 0,2%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 20%
Setswana 0,1%
Sign Language 0,6%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.4%
Not Applicable 0,9%
Group Percentage
Married 18,5%
Living together like married partners 4,6%
Never married 70%
Widower/Widow 5,6%
Separated 0,9%
Divorced 0,5%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,9%
Some Primary 49,4%
Completed Primary 6,9%
Some Secondary 33%
Completed Secondary 6,3%
Higher Education 0,5%
Not Applicable 1%
Sex Percentage
Female 53,2%
Male 46,8%
Quick Fact

81,1% Use electricity for lighting

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There are 38 046 households in the municipality, with an average household size of 3,5 persons per household. Just over half of all households (50,5%) are headed by females.

In terms of services, 81,1% of households have access to electricity for lighting. Only 8,7% of households have access to piped water which is accessible from within the dwelling.

Area Percentage
Urban 16,5%
Tribal/Traditional 78,9%
Farm 4,6%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 81,9% 18,1%
Computer 4,5% 95,5%
Television 56,1% 43,9%
Satellite Television 21,4% 78,6%
Radio 58,2% 41,8%
Landline / Telephone 2,4% 97,6%
Motor Car 11,4% 88,6%
Refrigerator 56% 44%
Electric / Gas-Stove 69,1% 30,9%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 64,4% 25,3% 81,1%
Gas 3,3% 1,6% 0,4%
Paraffin 21,3% 44,1% 8,4%
Solar 0,2% 0,1% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 9,7%
Wood 8,9% 19,7% 0%
Coal 0,2% 0,7% 0%
Animal Dung 1,6% 3,9% 0%
Other 0,1% 0,1% 0%
None 0,2% 4,4% 0,1%
Access Percentage
From Home 1,5%
From Cellphone 13,2%
From Work 1%
From Elsewhere 2,2%
No Access 82,1%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 7,8%
Owned and fully paid off 63,8%
Owned but not yet paid off 4,7%
Occupied rent free 16,5%
Other 7,2%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 59,5%
Borehole 8,8%
Spring 11,7%
Rain water tank 2,5%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 3%
River/Stream 7,9%
Water vendor 1,9%
Water tanker 2,5%
Other 2,1%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 15,6%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 11,9%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 1,7%
Chemical toilet 4,9%
Pit toilet with ventilation 28,1%
Pit toilet without ventilation 33,4%
Bucket toilet 1,7%
Other 2,6%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 12,5%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,4%
Communal refuse dump 1,3%
Own refuse dump 69,6%
No rubbish disposal 15%
Other 1,2%
Quick Fact

43,6% Youth unemployment rate

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There are 28 289 economically active (ie, employed or unemployed but looking for work) individuals within the municipality, and of these 35,5% are unemployed. Of the 14 464 economically active youth (15–34 years) living in the area, 43,6% are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 18252
Unemployed 10037
Discouraged Work Seeker 7401
Not Economically Active 42555
Income Percentage
None income 16%
R1 - R4,800 7,2%
R4,801 - R9,600 12,1%
R9,601 - R19,600 28,1%
R19,601 - R38,200 21,1%
R38,201 - R76,4000 7,2%
R76,401 - R153,800 4,2%
R153,801 - R307,600 2,7%
R307,601 - R614,400 1%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,2%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 10,667
Poultry production 5,643
Vegetable production 6,531
Production of other crops 3,453
Other 2,145

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 3,861
Animals only 8,666
Mixed farming 4,301
Other 393

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 4,482
R1-R4 800 860
R4 801-R38 400 10,448
R38 401-R307 200 1,136
R307 201+ 133
Unspecified 162

Key Statistics 2011

Total population134,150
Young (0-14)34%
Working Age (15-64)58,3%
Elderly (65+)7,7%
Dependency ratio71,4
Sex ratio88
Growth rate-0,12% (2001-2011)
Population density18 persons/km2
Unemployment rate35,5%
Youth unemployment rate43,6%
No schooling aged 20+14,5%
Higher education aged 20+5,4%
Matric aged 20+13,2%
Number of households38,046
Number of Agricultural households17,222
Average household size3,5
Female headed households50,5%
Formal dwellings70,2%
Housing owned/paying off68,5%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage11,9%
Weekly refuse removal12,5%
Piped water inside dwelling8,7%
Electricity for lighting81,1%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population135,734
Young (0-14)38%
Working Age (15-64)58,3%
Elderly (65+)7,5%
Dependency ratio83,5%
Sex ratio88,5
Growth rate0,67% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate54,5%
Youth unemployment rate63,1%
No schooling aged 20+26,6%
Higher education aged 20+5%
Matric aged 20+8,9%
Number of households33,904
Average household size3,9
Female headed households52,1%
Formal dwellings70,9%
Housing owned/paying off68,2%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage3,7%
Weekly refuse removal10,8%
Piped water inside dwelling4,1%
Electricity for lighting62%