Mbombela

Quick Fact

According to Census 2011 the municipality has a total population estimated at 588 794.

Quick Fact Image 2,11% Growth rate

Mbombela Local Municipality (Swati: A lot of people together in a small space) is located in the Ehlanzeni District Municipality, Mpumalanga Province. The municipality was formed in 2000 by the merger of Hazyview, Nelspruit and White River Local Councils. The municipality is situated in the north eastern part of South Africa within the Lowveld sub region of the Mpumalanga Province.

Rank By:
5 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Polokwane , Limpopo 628,999 2
Msunduzi , KwaZulu-Natal 618,536 3
Thulamela , Limpopo 618,462 4
Mbombela , Mpumalanga 588,794 5
Rustenburg , North West 549,575 6
Bushbuckridge , Mpumalanga 541,248 7
Makhado , Limpopo 516,031 8
Quick Fact

11,9% of those 20+ have no schooling.

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According to Census 2011 the municipality has a total population estimated at 588 794. 89,4% of the population are black African, 8,7 % are white people, with other population groups making up the remaining 1,9%.

Of those aged 20 years and older, 3,6% have completed primary school, 28,7% have some secondary education, 33,4% have completed matric, 12,7% have some form of higher education.

Group Percentage
Black African89,4%
Coloured0,9%
Indian/Asian0,7%
White8,7%
Other0,2%
Age Males Females
0-4 5,7% 5,6%
5-9 4,6% 4,6%
10-14 4,8% 4,6%
15-19 5% 5,2%
20-24 5,6% 5,7%
25-29 5,3% 5,4%
30-34 3,9% 4%
35-39 3,3% 3,6%
40-44 2,6% 3%
45-49 2,2% 2,2%
50-54 1,7% 1,9%
55-59 1,3% 1,6%
60-64 1% 1,1%
65-69 0,6% 0,7%
70-74 0,5% 0,7%
75-79 0,2% 0,4%
80-84 0,2% 0,4%
85+ 0,2% 0,3%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 6,7%
English 4,6%
IsiNdebele 0,2%
IsiXhosa 0,2%
IsiZulu 1,5%
Sepedi 0,7%
Sesotho 1,5%
Setswana 0,2%
Sign Language 0,1%
SiSwati 77,6%
Tshivenda 0,3%
Xitsonga 4%
Other 1%
Not Applicable 1,3%
Group Percentage
Married 17%
Living together like married partners 11,2%
Never married 67,3%
Widower/Widow 2,8%
Separated 0,9%
Divorced 0,8%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,7%
Some Primary 40,6%
Completed Primary 6,1%
Some Secondary 31,6%
Completed Secondary 15,3%
Higher Education 2,3%
Not Applicable 1,3%
Sex Percentage
Female 51,5%
Male 48,5%
Quick Fact

90,2% Use electricity for lighting.

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There are 161 773 households in the municipality with an average household size of 3,5 persons per household. 37,1% of households have access to piped water inside dwelling/institution and 27,6% have water in their yard. More than one in five (22,1%) of households do not have access piped water.

 

Area Percentage
Urban 17,7%
Tribal/Traditional 77,3%
Farm 5%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 92,2% 7,8%
Computer 20,2% 79,8%
Television 77,8% 22,2%
Satellite Television 37,2% 62,8%
Radio 71,3% 28,7%
Landline / Telephone 7,8% 92,2%
Motor Car 27,6% 72,4%
Refrigerator 77,7% 22,3%
Electric / Gas-Stove 83,4% 16,6%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 83,8% 73,1% 90,2%
Gas 2,7% 1,3% 0,3%
Paraffin 4,6% 1,6% 1,4%
Solar 0,2% 0,3% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 7,6%
Wood 8,3% 9,3% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,2% 0%
Animal Dung 0% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 14,1% 0,3%
Access Percentage
From Home 6,5%
From Cellphone 20,7%
From Work 5%
From Elsewhere 3,6%
No Access 64,3%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 17,3%
Owned and fully paid off 58,8%
Owned but not yet paid off 7,6%
Occupied rent free 14,4%
Other 1,9%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 61,8%
Borehole 10,1%
Spring 1,4%
Rain water tank 0,7%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 2,3%
River/Stream 4,2%
Water vendor 3,1%
Water tanker 11,2%
Other 5,2%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 7,2%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 28,4%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 3,9%
Chemical toilet 1,5%
Pit toilet with ventilation 13,3%
Pit toilet without ventilation 43,6%
Bucket toilet 0,8%
Other 1,4%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 29,4%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,2%
Communal refuse dump 1,7%
Own refuse dump 59,6%
No rubbish disposal 7,2%
Other 0,8%
Quick Fact

37,6% Youth unemployment rate.

Quick Fact Image

Of the 228 237 economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work) people in the municipality, 28,1% are unemployed.

37,6% of the 122 237 economically active youth (15 – 34 years) in the area are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 164000
Unemployed 64237
Discouraged Work Seeker 20771
Not Economically Active 139312
Income Percentage
None income 13%
R1 - R4,800 4,9%
R4,801 - R9,600 7,8%
R9,601 - R19,600 18,3%
R19,601 - R38,200 20,6%
R38,201 - R76,4000 13,3%
R76,401 - R153,800 8,7%
R153,801 - R307,600 6,8%
R307,601 - R614,400 4,4%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 1,4%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,4%
R2,457,601+ 0,3%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 5,580
Poultry production 15,629
Vegetable production 13,567
Production of other crops 8,042
Other 4,819

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 14,358
Animals only 13,377
Mixed farming 5,102
Other 1,812

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of heads of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 9,209
R1-R4 800 1,534
R4 801-R38 400 17,637
R38 401-R307 200 4,872
R307 201+ 672
Unspecified 725

Key Statistics 2011

Total population588,794
Young (0-14)29,8%
Working Age (15-64)66%
Elderly (65+)4,2%
Dependency ratio51,6%
Sex ratio94,3
Growth rate2,11% (2001-2011)
Population density109 persons/km2
Unemployment rate28,1%
Youth unemployment rate37,6%
No schooling aged 20+11,9%
Higher education aged 20+12,7%
Matric aged 20+33,3%
Number of households161,773
Number of Agricultural households34,648
Average household size3,5
Female headed households38,9%
Formal dwellings92,7%
Housing owned/paying off66,4%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage28,4%
Weekly refuse removal29,4%
Piped water inside dwelling37,1%
Electricity for lighting90,2%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population476,903
Young (0-14)34,6%
Working Age (15-64)66%
Elderly (65+)4%
Dependency ratio62,6%
Sex ratio91,3
Growth rate2,25% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate37,7%
Youth unemployment rate46,9%
No schooling aged 20+25,1%
Higher education aged 20+7,7%
Matric aged 20+21,8%
Number of households112,321
Average household size3,9
Female headed households38,8%
Formal dwellings84,7%
Housing owned/paying off71,5%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage23,1%
Weekly refuse removal25%
Piped water inside dwelling20%
Electricity for lighting71,4%