Mpofana

Quick Fact

Mpofana Local Municipality has a population of 38 103.

Quick Fact Image 0,34% Growth rate

The Mpofana Municipality is strategically located along the national N3 highway and is approximately 70 km from Pietermaritzburg. The Mooi River sits at the heart of the Midlands Meander with interesting attractions such as the Linen Loft and Sharrow Weaving. Stretches of the river offer boating facilities whilst the upper reaches are a fly fisherman’s paradise. Further upstream, the Mooi River Falls are a marvellous site to watch when the river is flooded.

The predominant occupation in the area is agriculture, with a wide range of agricultural products being produced. Dairy and stock farming are, however, the main farming activities (uMgungundlovu District Municipality IDP 2012/13).

Rank By:
189 ranking by population size
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Kou-Kamma , Eastern Cape 40,663 186
Great Kei , Eastern Cape 38,991 187
Letsemeng , Free State 38,628 188
Mpofana , KwaZulu-Natal 38,103 189
Siyancuma , Northern Cape 37,076 190
Blue Crane Route , Eastern Cape 36,002 191
Swellendam , Western Cape 35,916 192
Quick Fact

15,2% aged 20+ had no formal schooling.

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Mpofana Local Municipality has a population of 38 103, with a sex ratio of 94 males per 100 females. The dependency ratio is slightly above half the population (52). Black Africans constitute 92% of the population. The white population constitutes 5%, while there is a smaller proportion of Indian people made up of 2% and, to a lesser extent, of coloured people which constitute only 1%.

Group Percentage
Black African92,2%
Coloured0,6%
Indian/Asian1,8%
White5,2%
Other0,3%
Age Males Females
0-4 5,5% 5,4%
5-9 4,9% 4,8%
10-14 4,9% 4,6%
15-19 5,1% 4,6%
20-24 5,4% 5,3%
25-29 5,3% 5,3%
30-34 4% 4,1%
35-39 3,2% 3,4%
40-44 2,4% 3,1%
45-49 2% 2%
50-54 1,6% 2,1%
55-59 1,4% 1,9%
60-64 1,3% 1,6%
65-69 0,6% 0,9%
70-74 0,4% 0,6%
75-79 0,2% 0,4%
80-84 0,2% 0,4%
85+ 0,1% 0,4%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,9%
English 6,9%
IsiNdebele 1,1%
IsiXhosa 0,6%
IsiZulu 85,3%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,6%
Setswana 0,5%
Sign Language 1%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.8%
Not Applicable 2%
Group Percentage
Married 18,1%
Living together like married partners 6,8%
Never married 72,4%
Widower/Widow 2%
Separated 0,4%
Divorced 0,4%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 3,5%
Some Primary 43%
Completed Primary 5,9%
Some Secondary 30,7%
Completed Secondary 13%
Higher Education 1%
Not Applicable 2,9%
Sex Percentage
Female 51,5%
Male 48,5%
Quick Fact

There is relatively high access to electricity, with 71,9% of households using electricity for lighting.

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There are 10 452 households in Mpofana Municipality with an average of 3,6 persons per household. Almost 44% of households are headed by females. The percentage of households residing in formal dwellings is 76%. Access to piped water from either inside the dwelling, inside the yard, or water on a community stand is at 83%. In Mpofana, 59% of households have access to a flush toilet.

Area Percentage
Urban 49,1%
Tribal/Traditional 0%
Farm 50,9%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 88,4% 11,6%
Computer 11,4% 88,6%
Television 60,1% 39,9%
Satellite Television 13% 87%
Radio 69,8% 30,2%
Landline / Telephone 8,4% 91,6%
Motor Car 18,3% 81,7%
Refrigerator 46,9% 53,1%
Electric / Gas-Stove 63,1% 36,9%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 60,3% 45,6% 71,9%
Gas 4,5% 2,2% 0,2%
Paraffin 3,7% 2,4% 0,5%
Solar 0,1% 0,1% 0,1%
Candles 0% 0% 26,8%
Wood 31% 40,2% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,2% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,1% 9,3% 0,5%
Access Percentage
From Home 4,4%
From Cellphone 13,9%
From Work 2,8%
From Elsewhere 3,6%
No Access 75,2%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 19,2%
Owned and fully paid off 38%
Owned but not yet paid off 5,6%
Occupied rent free 32%
Other 5,2%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 54,4%
Borehole 14,6%
Spring 1,6%
Rain water tank 0,7%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 7,5%
River/Stream 9,9%
Water vendor 0,7%
Water tanker 9,2%
Other 1,4%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 10,1%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 53,1%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 6,2%
Chemical toilet 1,5%
Pit toilet with ventilation 8,4%
Pit toilet without ventilation 16,1%
Bucket toilet 0,6%
Other 4%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 48%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 2,6%
Communal refuse dump 3,3%
Own refuse dump 36,5%
No rubbish disposal 8,9%
Other 0,6%
Quick Fact

The labour participation rate in Mpofana Municipality is 54%.

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The total unemployment rate is 23,9%, with Impendle having the highest unemployment rate of 45%. Approximately 44,1% of households are headed by females and 1% headed by children.The youth unemployment rate is 29,3%, while the labour participation is 54%.

Employment Status Number
Employed 10188
Unemployed 3200
Discouraged Work Seeker 2188
Not Economically Active 9448
Income Percentage
None income 11,3%
R1 - R4,800 4,3%
R4,801 - R9,600 8,3%
R9,601 - R19,600 23,7%
R19,601 - R38,200 25,9%
R38,201 - R76,4000 13%
R76,401 - R153,800 6,9%
R153,801 - R307,600 3,4%
R307,601 - R614,400 2,2%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,5%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,2%
R2,457,601+ 0,2%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 1,685
Poultry production 1,191
Vegetable production 1,551
Production of other crops 332
Other 234

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 1,004
Animals only 1,449
Mixed farming 750
Other 55

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 973
R1-R4 800 105
R4 801-R38 400 1,713
R38 401-R307 200 321
R307 201+ 76
Unspecified 70

Key Statistics 2011

Total population38,103
Young (0-14)30,2%
Working Age (15-64)65,7%
Elderly (65+)4,2%
Dependency ratio52,3
Sex ratio94,2
Growth rate0,34% (2001-2011)
Population density21 persons/km2
Unemployment rate23,9%
Youth unemployment rate29,3%
No schooling aged 20+15,2%
Higher education aged 20+5,7%
Matric aged 20+25,6%
Number of households10,452
Number of Agricultural households3,258
Average household size3,4
Female headed households44,1%
Formal dwellings76,1%
Housing owned/paying off43,6%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage53,1%
Weekly refuse removal48%
Piped water inside dwelling39,5%
Electricity for lighting71,9%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population36,832
Young (0-14)31,2%
Working Age (15-64)65,7%
Elderly (65+)4,2%
Dependency ratio54,8%
Sex ratio107
Growth rate7,34% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate44,2%
Youth unemployment rate50,4%
No schooling aged 20+26,7%
Higher education aged 20+5,1%
Matric aged 20+14,8%
Number of households9,607
Average household size3,4
Female headed households37,1%
Formal dwellings71,6%
Housing owned/paying off41,9%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage41,4%
Weekly refuse removal38,7%
Piped water inside dwelling29,9%
Electricity for lighting53,9%