Ethekwini

Quick Fact

3,1% GDP growth forecast for 2013.

Quick Fact Image 3,1% GDP growth forecast 2013

eThekwini Municipality is located on the east coast of South Africa in the Province of KwaZulu-Natal (KZN).  The Municipality spans an area of approximately 2 297km² and is home to some 3,5 million people.  It consists of a diverse society, which faces various social, economic, environmental, and governance challenges.

As a result it strives to address these challenges, which means meeting the needs of an ever-increasing population.  The population of the metro, with reference to Census 2011 is 3 442 361.  The population has grown by 1,08 % from 2001 to 2011 as against 2,34% from 1996 to 2001.

Rank By:
3 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
City of Johannesburg , Gauteng 4,434,827 1
City of Cape Town , Western Cape 3,740,026 2
Ethekwini , KwaZulu-Natal 3,442,361 3
Ekurhuleni , Gauteng 3,178,470 4
City of Tshwane , Gauteng 2,921,488 5
Nelson Mandela Bay , Eastern Cape 1,152,115 6
Quick Fact

In 2001, around 10% of people had no schooling; that has dropped by 6% in 2011.

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The metro is predominantly black African (74%) with colored in the minority at 3%.

The dominant home language is IsiZulu spoken by around 62 % of the population followed by English at 26%.

In 2001, 29,2% of the population had matric; that has increased to 36,7% in 2011. Whilst the percentage of matriculants are increasing, students in the Higher Education have dropped from 9,6% to 6,7% within the last decade.

Group Percentage
Black African73,8%
Coloured2,5%
Indian/Asian16,7%
White6,6%
Other0,4%
Age Males Females
0-4 4,8% 4,7%
5-9 3,9% 3,9%
10-14 4% 3,9%
15-19 4,5% 4,7%
20-24 6% 5,9%
25-29 5,9% 5,6%
30-34 4,5% 4,2%
35-39 3,6% 3,5%
40-44 2,8% 3%
45-49 2,3% 2,3%
50-54 1,9% 2,3%
55-59 1,6% 1,9%
60-64 1,2% 1,6%
65-69 0,8% 1,1%
70-74 0,5% 0,8%
75-79 0,3% 0,5%
80-84 0,2% 0,3%
85+ 0,1% 0,2%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 1,7%
English 26,5%
IsiNdebele 1,1%
IsiXhosa 3,9%
IsiZulu 62,2%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,9%
Setswana 0,5%
Sign Language 0,5%
SiSwati 0,1%
Tshivenda 0,1%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 1.3%
Not Applicable 1%
Group Percentage
Married 23,9%
Living together like married partners 5,6%
Never married 66%
Widower/Widow 2,9%
Separated 0,5%
Divorced 1,1%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,5%
Some Primary 35%
Completed Primary 5,1%
Some Secondary 31,3%
Completed Secondary 21,4%
Higher Education 3,4%
Not Applicable 1,2%
Sex Percentage
Female 51,1%
Male 48,9%
Quick Fact

89,9% Access to electricity for lighting.

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70% of people have access to flush toilets and only 2% have no access to toilets at all.  Within the metro, almost two thirds of the people have water in their homes.

11% only have taps in their yards and 17% obtain water from the street taps.  A little over 86 % of households use electricity for cooking, 11% use paraffin and only 2% still use wood, mainly those households in informal and traditional dwellings.

Area Percentage
Urban 84,8%
Tribal/Traditional 14,7%
Farm 0,5%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 90,7% 9,3%
Computer 24,6% 75,4%
Television 78,5% 21,5%
Satellite Television 32,4% 67,6%
Radio 71,8% 28,2%
Landline / Telephone 26,9% 73,1%
Motor Car 32,6% 67,4%
Refrigerator 74,2% 25,8%
Electric / Gas-Stove 84,9% 15,1%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 85,7% 75,9% 89,9%
Gas 2,7% 1,4% 0,3%
Paraffin 9,1% 3,6% 1,4%
Solar 0,3% 0,4% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 7,7%
Wood 1,5% 2,6% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,2% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,1% 0%
Other 0,4% 0% 0%
None 0,3% 15,7% 0,4%
Access Percentage
From Home 11,7%
From Cellphone 19,1%
From Work 4,8%
From Elsewhere 5,7%
No Access 58,8%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 29,7%
Owned and fully paid off 39,7%
Owned but not yet paid off 14,8%
Occupied rent free 12,8%
Other 3%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 90,5%
Borehole 1,5%
Spring 0,3%
Rain water tank 0,3%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 0,5%
River/Stream 0,5%
Water vendor 1,5%
Water tanker 2,1%
Other 2,8%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 2,1%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 63,4%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 4,9%
Chemical toilet 7,4%
Pit toilet with ventilation 5,2%
Pit toilet without ventilation 11,3%
Bucket toilet 2,7%
Other 3%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 86,1%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,8%
Communal refuse dump 1,3%
Own refuse dump 8,5%
No rubbish disposal 1,5%
Other 0,7%
Quick Fact

39% Youth unemployment rate.

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The unemployment rate in the metro was approximately 43% in 2001 and it has dropped by 12,8 % according to Census 2011.

Employment Status Number
Employed 992560
Unemployed 430318
Discouraged Work Seeker 114230
Not Economically Active 873581
Income Percentage
None income 17,1%
R1 - R4,800 4,2%
R4,801 - R9,600 6,2%
R9,601 - R19,600 14,3%
R19,601 - R38,200 16,9%
R38,201 - R76,4000 13,4%
R76,401 - R153,800 10,7%
R153,801 - R307,600 8,6%
R307,601 - R614,400 5,7%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 2%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,6%
R2,457,601+ 0,3%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 21,041
Poultry production 34,479
Vegetable production 63,513
Production of other crops 20,279
Other 25,393

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 52,754
Animals only 24,575
Mixed farming 18,913
Other 9,324

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 28,704
R1-R4 800 4,786
R4 801-R38 400 48,977
R38 401-R307 200 16,514
R307 201+ 2,616
Unspecified 3,971

Key Statistics 2011

Total population3,442,361
Young (0-14)25,2%
Working Age (15-64)70%
Elderly (65+)4,8%
Dependency ratio42,8
Sex ratio95,6
Growth rate1,08% (2001-2011)
Population density1502 persons/km2
Unemployment rate30,2%
Youth unemployment rate39%
No schooling aged 20+4,2%
Higher education aged 20+12,3%
Matric aged 20+37,1%
Number of households956,713
Number of Agricultural households105,567
Average household size3,4
Female headed households40%
Formal dwellings79%
Housing owned/paying off54,5%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage63,4%
Weekly refuse removal86,1%
Piped water inside dwelling60,2%
Electricity for lighting89,9%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population3,090,122
Young (0-14)27,7%
Working Age (15-64)70%
Elderly (65+)4,2%
Dependency ratio46,7%
Sex ratio92,5
Growth rate2,34% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate43%
Youth unemployment rate53,1%
No schooling aged 20+10,1%
Higher education aged 20+9,7%
Matric aged 20+27,1%
Number of households786,746
Average household size3,7
Female headed households38,2%
Formal dwellings72,8%
Housing owned/paying off60,4%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage61,3%
Weekly refuse removal85,7%
Piped water inside dwelling51,2%
Electricity for lighting80,3%