Mnquma

Quick Fact

According to the 2011 census, Mnquma Local Municipality has a total population of 252 390.

Quick Fact Image -1,17% Traditional Areas

Mnquma Local Municipality is located in the south eastern part of the Eastern Cape province.  It is a category B municipality falling under the jurisdiction of the Amathole District Municipality and comprises of an amalgamation of the former Butterworth, Ngqamakhwe and Centane Tribal Regional Councils (TRC’s). Mnquma Local Municipality shares borders with three other local municipalities i.e. Mbhashe, Intsika Yethu and Great Kei Municipality. It is approximately 32 995 240 square kilometres and consists of 31 wards. (http://www.mnquma.gov.za/)

Rank By:
31 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Makhuduthamaga , Limpopo 274,358 28
Hibiscus Coast , KwaZulu-Natal 256,135 29
Mbhashe , Eastern Cape 254,909 30
Mnquma , Eastern Cape 252,390 31
Drakenstein , Western Cape 251,262 32
Dr JS Moroka , Mpumalanga 249,705 33
Elias Motsoaledi , Limpopo 249,363 34
Quick Fact

11,4% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling.

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According to the 2011 census, Mnquma Local Municipality has a total population of 252 390, of whom 99,4 % are black African, with the other population groups making up the remaining 0,6%.

Of those aged 20 years and older, 7,4% have completed primary school, 36,8% have some secondary education, 13,4% have completed matric and 8,1% have some form of higher education.

Group Percentage
Black African99,4%
Coloured0,2%
Indian/Asian0,1%
White0,2%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 5,9% 5,8%
5-9 5,6% 5,5%
10-14 6% 5,4%
15-19 6,6% 6,1%
20-24 4,2% 4,3%
25-29 2,9% 2,9%
30-34 2,2% 2,3%
35-39 1,9% 2,4%
40-44 1,6% 2,6%
45-49 1,6% 1,6%
50-54 1,8% 2,9%
55-59 1,6% 2,5%
60-64 1,5% 2,1%
65-69 1,1% 1,6%
70-74 1% 1,6%
75-79 0,5% 1,1%
80-84 0,4% 0,7%
85+ 0,2% 0,6%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,5%
English 1,3%
IsiNdebele 0,2%
IsiXhosa 94,2%
IsiZulu 0,3%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,2%
Setswana 0,1%
Sign Language 0,6%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 0.3%
Not Applicable 2%
Group Percentage
Married 20,2%
Living together like married partners 1,7%
Never married 69,9%
Widower/Widow 6,9%
Separated 0,9%
Divorced 0,5%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 1,7%
Some Primary 48,6%
Completed Primary 7,2%
Some Secondary 32,7%
Completed Secondary 6,3%
Higher Education 0,8%
Not Applicable 2,8%
Sex Percentage
Female 53,3%
Male 46,7%
Quick Fact

61,4% of households have access to electricity for lighting.

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There are 69 732 households in the municipality, with an average household size of 3,5 persons per household.

17,7% of households have access to piped water either in their dwelling or in the yard, with one in four households (25,9%) accessing piped water on a community stand less than 200m from the dwelling. 39,1% of households do not have access to piped water.

 

Area Percentage
Urban 19%
Tribal/Traditional 81%
Farm 0%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 78,8% 21,2%
Computer 4,3% 95,7%
Television 49% 51%
Satellite Television 7,2% 92,8%
Radio 59,7% 40,3%
Landline / Telephone 2,1% 97,9%
Motor Car 10,5% 89,5%
Refrigerator 36,6% 63,4%
Electric / Gas-Stove 54,9% 45,1%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 45,6% 18,9% 61,4%
Gas 3,3% 1,1% 0,5%
Paraffin 19,5% 30,1% 28,6%
Solar 0,1% 0,1% 0,2%
Candles 0% 0% 9,2%
Wood 27,2% 39,8% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,6% 0%
Animal Dung 3,9% 2% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 7,5% 0,2%
Access Percentage
From Home 1,2%
From Cellphone 10,4%
From Work 1,5%
From Elsewhere 2,7%
No Access 84,1%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 11,3%
Owned and fully paid off 62,6%
Owned but not yet paid off 3,8%
Occupied rent free 16%
Other 6,3%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 41,6%
Borehole 2,1%
Spring 2,4%
Rain water tank 17,4%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 2,2%
River/Stream 27,6%
Water vendor 0,5%
Water tanker 4,5%
Other 1,6%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 7,2%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 13,8%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 0,9%
Chemical toilet 4,6%
Pit toilet with ventilation 7,6%
Pit toilet without ventilation 29,7%
Bucket toilet 0,6%
Other 35,5%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 15,6%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,6%
Communal refuse dump 1%
Own refuse dump 65%
No rubbish disposal 14,1%
Other 3,7%
Quick Fact

44,2% are unemployed.

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42 974 people are economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work), and of these 44,2% are unemployed.

Of the 20 464 economically active youth (15 – 34 years) in the area, 55,7% are unemployed.

Employment Status Number
Employed 23961
Unemployed 19013
Discouraged Work Seeker 12779
Not Economically Active 87393
Income Percentage
None income 13,6%
R1 - R4,800 7,2%
R4,801 - R9,600 11,2%
R9,601 - R19,600 27,4%
R19,601 - R38,200 23,5%
R38,201 - R76,4000 7,5%
R76,401 - R153,800 4,8%
R153,801 - R307,600 3,3%
R307,601 - R614,400 1,1%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,1%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 23,061
Poultry production 22,280
Vegetable production 16,508
Production of other crops 4,151
Other 2,799

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 5,906
Animals only 19,713
Mixed farming 12,267
Other 414

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 10,244
R1-R4 800 2,202
R4 801-R38 400 22,861
R38 401-R307 200 2,454
R307 201+ 137
Unspecified 402

Key Statistics 2011

Total population252,390
Young (0-14)34,3%
Working Age (15-64)56,7%
Elderly (65+)9%
Dependency ratio76,3
Sex ratio87,6
Growth rate-1,17% (2001-2011)
Population density77 persons/km2
Unemployment rate44,2%
Youth unemployment rate55,7%
No schooling aged 20+11,4%
Higher education aged 20+8%
Matric aged 20+13,4%
Number of households69,732
Number of Agricultural households38,300
Average household size3,5
Female headed households54,6%
Formal dwellings48,3%
Housing owned/paying off66,4%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage13,8%
Weekly refuse removal15,6%
Piped water inside dwelling12,3%
Electricity for lighting61,4%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population283,667
Young (0-14)39,8%
Working Age (15-64)56,7%
Elderly (65+)7,4%
Dependency ratio89,2%
Sex ratio83,3
Growth rate-0,21% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate62,5%
Youth unemployment rate71,5%
No schooling aged 20+27,6%
Higher education aged 20+5,9%
Matric aged 20+10,7%
Number of households66,285
Average household size4,2
Female headed households58,5%
Formal dwellings34,3%
Housing owned/paying off61,8%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage12,5%
Weekly refuse removal18,4%
Piped water inside dwelling8,3%
Electricity for lighting34%