uMhlathuze

Quick Fact

1,45% Population growth rate.

Quick Fact Image 1,45% Growth Rate

uMhlathuze Local Municipality is situated on the north-eastern coast of KwaZulu-Natal. The city provides an attractive reference point and essential socio-economic amenities and facilities to most of the towns in the northern region.

Rank By:
20 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Mogale City , Gauteng 362,422 17
Maluti a Phofung , Free State 335,784 18
Greater Tubatse , Limpopo 335,676 19
uMhlathuze , KwaZulu-Natal 334,459 20
Thembisile , Mpumalanga 310,458 21
Mogalakwena , Limpopo 307,682 22
Govan Mbeki , Mpumalanga 294,538 23
Quick Fact

14,6% of people aged 20+ had some form of higher education.

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According to the 2011census, uMhlathuze Local Municipality has a total population of 334 459. 87,7% of the people in the municipality are African Black, 7,3% are White, with the other population groups making up the rest.

Of those aged 20 years and older, 4,2% have completed primary school, 23,5% have some secondary education, 21,2% have completed matric and 4,8% have some form of higher education. 7,5% of those aged 20 years and older have no form of schooling.

Group Percentage
Black African87,7%
Coloured0,9%
Indian/Asian3,8%
White7,3%
Other0,2%
Age Males Females
0-4 5,5% 5,4%
5-9 4,6% 4,6%
10-14 4,7% 4,6%
15-19 5% 5,5%
20-24 5,8% 6,4%
25-29 5,7% 5,9%
30-34 4,2% 4,2%
35-39 3,5% 3,3%
40-44 2,5% 2,6%
45-49 2% 2%
50-54 1,7% 1,9%
55-59 1,3% 1,4%
60-64 0,9% 1,1%
65-69 0,5% 0,6%
70-74 0,3% 0,5%
75-79 0,1% 0,4%
80-84 0,1% 0,3%
85+ 0,1% 0,2%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 4,9%
English 9,3%
IsiNdebele 1,2%
IsiXhosa 0,3%
IsiZulu 78,7%
Sepedi 0,2%
Sesotho 0,2%
Setswana 0,6%
Sign Language 0,4%
SiSwati 0,1%
Tshivenda 0,1%
Xitsonga 0,1%
Other 0.6%
Not Applicable 3,2%
Group Percentage
Married 19,2%
Living together like married partners 6,2%
Never married 71,8%
Widower/Widow 2%
Separated 0,4%
Divorced 0,5%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,6%
Some Primary 38,1%
Completed Primary 5,2%
Some Secondary 29,2%
Completed Secondary 18,8%
Higher Education 2,6%
Not Applicable 3,6%
Sex Percentage
Female 51,3%
Male 48,7%
Quick Fact

88,3% of the municipality’s population lives in formal dwellings.

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There are 86 609 households in the municipality, with an average household size of 3,5 persons per household. 40,7% of households are headed by females.

93,5% of households have access to electricity. Only 50,3% of households have access to piped water inside dwelling.

Area Percentage
Urban 39,4%
Tribal/Traditional 57,5%
Farm 3%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 93,4% 6,6%
Computer 24,4% 75,6%
Television 75,4% 24,6%
Satellite Television 33,6% 66,4%
Radio 71% 29%
Landline / Telephone 14,5% 85,5%
Motor Car 32,6% 67,4%
Refrigerator 76,8% 23,2%
Electric / Gas-Stove 86,7% 13,3%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 87,8% 77,4% 93,5%
Gas 3,4% 1,2% 0,2%
Paraffin 1,9% 0,6% 0,2%
Solar 0,2% 0,4% 0,3%
Candles 0% 0% 5,4%
Wood 5,9% 3,7% 0%
Coal 0,1% 0,3% 0%
Animal Dung 0,1% 0,2% 0%
Other 0,3% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 16,3% 0,4%
Access Percentage
From Home 10,9%
From Cellphone 22,7%
From Work 5,7%
From Elsewhere 8,7%
No Access 52%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 33,8%
Owned and fully paid off 37,2%
Owned but not yet paid off 15,6%
Occupied rent free 11%
Other 2,4%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 89,3%
Borehole 1,9%
Spring 0,5%
Rain water tank 0,9%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 0,7%
River/Stream 1,2%
Water vendor 0,6%
Water tanker 2,7%
Other 2,3%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 3,4%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 49,7%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 5%
Chemical toilet 9,7%
Pit toilet with ventilation 12,1%
Pit toilet without ventilation 15,3%
Bucket toilet 1,6%
Other 3,1%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 53,5%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 1,5%
Communal refuse dump 2,6%
Own refuse dump 38,4%
No rubbish disposal 3,4%
Other 0,7%
Quick Fact

124 408 people are economically active (employed or unemployed but looking for work), and of these 31% are unemployed.

Of the 70 419 economically active youth (15 – 35 years) in the area, 40,8% are unemployed.

Quick Fact Image

Two aluminum smelters, Hillside Aluminum and Bayside Aluminum, are operated by BHP Billiton. A fertilizer plant operated by Foskor has been erected at the harbour. Iron ore, rutile (titanium oxide) and zircon are mined from the sand dunes close to the lagoon by Richards Bay Minerals. Local exports include coal, aluminum, titanium and other heavy minerals, granite, ferrochrome, paper pulp, woodchips and phosphoric acid (Wikipedia). Although the municipality is rich in minerals, it is faced with the challenge of an unemployment rate of 31%. Youth unemployment is at 40,8%.

Employment Status Number
Employed 85876
Unemployed 38532
Discouraged Work Seeker 12948
Not Economically Active 88314
Income Percentage
None income 15,2%
R1 - R4,800 4,3%
R4,801 - R9,600 7,7%
R9,601 - R19,600 13,8%
R19,601 - R38,200 15,5%
R38,201 - R76,4000 12%
R76,401 - R153,800 11,1%
R153,801 - R307,600 10,1%
R307,601 - R614,400 7,3%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 2,2%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,5%
R2,457,601+ 0,3%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 2,788
Poultry production 6,501
Vegetable production 12,171
Production of other crops 2,542
Other 2,326

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 10,168
Animals only 4,814
Mixed farming 3,030
Other 742

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 4,579
R1-R4 800 749
R4 801-R38 400 8,652
R38 401-R307 200 3,779
R307 201+ 420
Unspecified 575

Key Statistics 2011

Total population334,459
Young (0-14)29,3%
Working Age (15-64)67,5%
Elderly (65+)3,2%
Dependency ratio48,2
Sex ratio95
Growth rate1,45% (2001-2011)
Population density422 persons/km2
Unemployment rate31%
Youth unemployment rate40,8%
No schooling aged 20+7,5%
Higher education aged 20+14,6%
Matric aged 20+38,5%
Number of households86,609
Number of Agricultural households18,755
Average household size3,5
Female headed households40,7%
Formal dwellings88,3%
Housing owned/paying off52,7%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage49,7%
Weekly refuse removal53,5%
Piped water inside dwelling50,3%
Electricity for lighting93,5%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population289,190
Young (0-14)33%
Working Age (15-64)67,5%
Elderly (65+)2,8%
Dependency ratio55,8%
Sex ratio93,8
Growth rate7,69% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate40,6%
Youth unemployment rate50,7%
No schooling aged 20+18,7%
Higher education aged 20+11%
Matric aged 20+25,5%
Number of households67,127
Average household size3,9
Female headed households36,2%
Formal dwellings76,5%
Housing owned/paying off54%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage44,6%
Weekly refuse removal44,2%
Piped water inside dwelling33,4%
Electricity for lighting86,7%