Umzimkhulu

Quick Fact

The total population of Umzimkhulu Municipality is 180 302.

Quick Fact Image 0,34% Growth Rate

Umzimkhulu is a local municipality in KwaZulu-Natal. It is one of the family of five local municipalities (Ubuhlebezwe, Ingwe, KwaSani and Kokstad) of the Sisonke District Municipality. The district neighbours Ugu District in the east, Msunduzi in the north, Lesotho in the east and Eastern Cape in the south.
Umzimkhulu is the most populated of the Sisonke municipalities. The municipal area consists of 20 wards, and traditional areas comprise 46% of the region. The total land area covered by Umzimkhulu is 2 436 km²

Rank By:
56 ranking by population size
  Rank view all
Moretele , North West 186,947 53
Jozini , KwaZulu-Natal 186,502 54
Albert Luthuli , Mpumalanga 186,010 55
Umzimkhulu , KwaZulu-Natal 180,302 56
Greater Taung , North West 177,642 57
Msinga , KwaZulu-Natal 177,577 58
Mtubatuba , KwaZulu-Natal 175,425 59
Quick Fact

6,4% of those aged 20+ have had no schooling.

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The total population in Umzimkhulu is 180 302. Only 47% of the population in Umzimkhulu Municipality speaks isiZulu while 46% speaks isiXhosa as their first language.

The largest portion of the population is represented by the black African racial group (99%). The sex ratio is 83 males per 100 females. The dependency ratio for Ubuhlebezwe is 86.

In 2011, 6,4% of the population in Umzimkhulu did not go to school. Approximately 2,1% had higher education and 15,2% had matric. However, primary education enrollment for the age group 6–13 years was 93,9%. Living conditions

Group Percentage
Black African99,3%
Coloured0,3%
Indian/Asian0,1%
White0,1%
Other0,1%
Age Males Females
0-4 7,4% 7,3%
5-9 6,7% 6,6%
10-14 6,6% 6,3%
15-19 6,7% 6,8%
20-24 4,1% 5%
25-29 2,7% 3,8%
30-34 2% 2,9%
35-39 1,7% 2,4%
40-44 1,4% 2,3%
45-49 1,3% 1,3%
50-54 1,3% 2%
55-59 1% 1,8%
60-64 1% 1,5%
65-69 0,7% 1,2%
70-74 0,4% 0,9%
75-79 0,3% 0,8%
80-84 0,2% 0,6%
85+ 0,1% 0,3%
Language Percentage
Afrikaans 0,4%
English 1,6%
IsiNdebele 0,7%
IsiXhosa 46,1%
IsiZulu 47,1%
Sepedi 0,3%
Sesotho 0,5%
Setswana 0,3%
Sign Language 0,7%
SiSwati 0%
Tshivenda 0%
Xitsonga 0%
Other 1.8%
Not Applicable 0,4%
Group Percentage
Married 13%
Living together like married partners 7,8%
Never married 73,9%
Widower/Widow 4,7%
Separated 0,5%
Divorced 0,1%
Group Percentage
No Schooling 2,2%
Some Primary 52,9%
Completed Primary 7,3%
Some Secondary 30,6%
Completed Secondary 6,3%
Higher Education 0,5%
Not Applicable 0,3%
Sex Percentage
Female 54,7%
Male 45,3%
Quick Fact

About 64,5% of households have access to electricity for lighting.

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There are 42 909 households in Umzimkhulu Municipality, with an average of 4,2 persons per household. About 33% of households reside in formal dwellings and approximately 68% of residences are owned and fully paid off. Only 33% percent of households have access to piped water from either inside the dwelling, inside the yard or water on a community stand.

Access to proper sanitation is significantly poor; only 6,4% has access to a flush toilet connected to the sewerage system.

Area Percentage
Urban 11,5%
Tribal/Traditional 42,3%
Farm 46,2%
Item Yes No
Cellphone 82,2% 17,8%
Computer 2,7% 97,3%
Television 53,2% 46,8%
Satellite Television 5,4% 94,6%
Radio 58,6% 41,4%
Landline / Telephone 1,9% 98,1%
Motor Car 10,7% 89,3%
Refrigerator 39,5% 60,5%
Electric / Gas-Stove 51,6% 48,4%
Energy Source Cooking Heating Lighting
Electricity 34,4% 17,1% 64,5%
Gas 4,6% 1,5% 0,3%
Paraffin 7,4% 8,1% 1,4%
Solar 0,1% 0,1% 0,2%
Candles 0% 0% 33,2%
Wood 52,4% 65,4% 0%
Coal 0,2% 0,4% 0%
Animal Dung 0,5% 0,8% 0%
Other 0,1% 0% 0%
None 0,2% 6,7% 0,4%
Access Percentage
From Home 1,1%
From Cellphone 12,4%
From Work 1%
From Elsewhere 3,1%
No Access 82,3%
Tenure Status Percentage
Rented 8,6%
Owned and fully paid off 60,6%
Owned but not yet paid off 7,5%
Occupied rent free 20,7%
Other 2,7%
Source of water Percentage
Regional/Local water scheme (operated by municipality or other water services provider) 28,3%
Borehole 5,3%
Spring 12%
Rain water tank 2,7%
Dam/Pool/Stagnant water 3,2%
River/Stream 43,7%
Water vendor 0,5%
Water tanker 2,7%
Other 1,5%
Toilet Facility Percentage
None 3,2%
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 6,4%
Flush toilet (with septic tank) 0,6%
Chemical toilet 4,4%
Pit toilet with ventilation 20%
Pit toilet without ventilation 61,1%
Bucket toilet 0,4%
Other 3,9%
Refuse Disposal Percentage
Removed by local authority/private company at least once a week 8,3%
Removed by local authority/private company less often 0,6%
Communal refuse dump 1%
Own refuse dump 81,2%
No rubbish disposal 7,9%
Other 1%
Quick Fact

46,6% Unemployment rate.

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The municipality has developed an Agriculture Development Plan. The agriculture sector accounts for the largest formal number of employees in the municipality.

The plan has identified a number of land parcels within Umzimkhulu that have potential for various farming practices.

Employment Status Number
Employed 14642
Unemployed 12761
Discouraged Work Seeker 11115
Not Economically Active 58314
Income Percentage
None income 15,6%
R1 - R4,800 7%
R4,801 - R9,600 14,2%
R9,601 - R19,600 26,9%
R19,601 - R38,200 21,9%
R38,201 - R76,4000 7,1%
R76,401 - R153,800 3,8%
R153,801 - R307,600 2,1%
R307,601 - R614,400 1%
R614,001 - R1,228,800 0,1%
R1,228,801 - R2,457,600 0,1%
R2,457,601+ 0,1%
Agricultural households
Type of specific activity Number
Livestock production 11,435
Poultry production 18,873
Vegetable production 9,994
Production of other crops 5,136
Other 2,284

**An agricultural household may engage in more than one agricultural activity

Agricultural households
Type of activity Number
Crops only 2,183
Animals only 12,320
Mixed farming 9,738
Other 298

**An agricultural household may not fall under more than one agricultural activity

Income category of heads of agricultural households
Annual income category of agricultural household heads Number
No income 8,272
R1-R4 800 1,157
R4 801-R38 400 13,432
R38 401-R307 200 1,138
R307 201+ 92
Unspecified 448

Key Statistics 2011

Total population180,302
Young (0-14)40,8%
Working Age (15-64)53,7%
Elderly (65+)5,5%
Dependency ratio86,2%
Sex ratio82,9
Growth rate0,34% (2001-2011)
Population density74 persons/km2
Unemployment rate46,6%
Youth unemployment rate56,8%
No schooling aged 20+6,4%
Higher education aged 20+4,9%
Matric aged 20+15,3%
Number of households42,909
Number of Agricultural households24,538
Average household size4,1
Female headed households60,3%
Formal dwellings32,7%
Housing owned/paying off68,1%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage6,4%
Weekly refuse removal8,3%
Piped water inside dwelling5,6%
Electricity for lighting64,5%

Key Statistics 2001

Total population174,338
Young (0-14)45,3%
Working Age (15-64)53,7%
Elderly (65+)5,5%
Dependency ratio103,4%
Sex ratio78,5
Growth rate1,06% (2001-2011)
Unemployment rate68,2%
Youth unemployment rate78,8%
No schooling aged 20+21,9%
Higher education aged 20+4,3%
Matric aged 20+7,5%
Number of households36,246
Average household size4,7
Female headed households64,8%
Formal dwellings20,1%
Housing owned/paying off75%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage2,3%
Weekly refuse removal3,2%
Piped water inside dwelling2,6%
Electricity for lighting31%