Main Place


Quick Fact
  • 56,144

  • 16,654

  • 25,4%

  • 86,8%

  • 91,5%

  • 91,4%

Newcastle was named after the British Duke of Newcastle Upon Tyne on the North East of England, Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1852 and 1859. Originally known as Waterfall River Township (due to its proximity to the Ncandu River), the town itself was established in 1864. The town services coal mines in the area, and both the Arcelor Mittal steelworks and the Karbochem synthetic rubber plant dominate the area's economy. (GPS coordinates: 27.7538 S, 29.9562 E).

Character(s) left.
  • Raper PE. 2004. New dictionary of South African Place Names. Jonathan Ball Publishers.

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Key Statistics 2011

Total population56,144
Young (0-14)23,1%
Working Age (15-64)70,6%
Elderly (65+)6,2%
Dependency ratio41,6
Sex ratio96,1
Population density741 persons/km2
No schooling aged 20+2,3%
Higher education aged 20+25,4%
Matric aged 20+39,2%
Number of households16,654
Average household size3,1
Female headed households32,7%
Formal dwellings92,1%
Housing owned/paying off56,3%
Flush toilet connected to sewerage91,4%
Weekly refuse removal91,6%
Piped water inside dwelling86,8%
Electricity for lighting91,5%

Place names

Newcastle Municipality